Hip fracture is a common yet serious injury sustained by the elderly patient and represents one of the major healthcare challenges today. The aim of this study was to better define the unique characteristics of treating nonagenarian peritrochanteric hip fractures and their subsequent complications during hospital stay.
Seven hundred twenty-two patients underwent surgery for isolated fracture around the femoral neck. These patients were divided into one of three age groups: A, <50 years; B, 51–89 years; and C, >90 years. We performed a retrospective chart review to compare these groups in terms of patient characteristics, comorbidities, postoperative complications, fracture type, type of surgery performed, and mortality rate.
There was no difference in time to surgery between groups. Comorbidities were similar in groups B and C but were higher than group A. Nonagenarians received a significantly greater percentage of hemiarthroplasties compared with those aged 51 years to 89 years. Cardiac complications were significantly higher in group C. In patients with sustained cardiac complications, the odds ratio for mortality was 15.88.
Our results suggest that groups B and C were not significantly different pre- or intraoperatively. Nevertheless, there is an increase in cardiac complications and mortality in nonagenarians postoperatively. Nonagenarians should undergo similar treatment in the operating room compared with less elderly patients with the caveat that older patients, especially those with cardiac disease, may be more at risk for complication. The surgeon must evaluate the elderly patient with a hip fracture on a case-by-case basis, while ignoring chronological age.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:
III, prognostic study.