Peripheral muscle tissue oxygenation
determined noninvasively using near-infrared spectroscopy
may help to identify tissue hypoperfusion in septic patients. The aim of this study was to investigate regional oxygen saturation index (rSO2
) in the brachioradialis (forearm) muscle by comparing measurements in healthy subjects and in intensive care unit (ICU) septic shock patients, and determine whether brachioradialis muscle rSO2
is associated with poor outcome in ICU septic shock patients.
We conducted a prospective observational study in healthy volunteers (n = 50) and ICU septic shock patients (n = 19). Brachioradialis (forearm) rSO2
measurements in healthy volunteers at rest and in ICU septic shock patients were compared. Pulmonary artery catheter monitoring was used in ICU patients.
Significant differences in rSO2
were observed between healthy volunteers and ICU septic shock patients at ICU admission (68.7 ± 4.9 vs. 55.0 ± 13.0; p
< 0.001). When comparing septic shock survivors and nonsurvivors, significant differences were observed in rSO2
at baseline (64.5 ± 8.9 vs. 47.5 ± 10.7; p
< 0.01), 12 hours (67.3 ± 9.6 vs. 45.0 ± 14.9; p
< 0.01), and 24 hours (65.7 ± 7.0 vs. 50.1 ± 10.3; p
< 0.01). Lactate concentration was lower in survivors than nonsurvivors at 24 hours (12.0 ± 7.5 mmol/L vs. 23.2 ± 12.5 mmol/L; p
< 0.04). Cardiac index was greater in nonsurvivors than survivors at baseline (4.6 + 1.9 L/min/m2
vs. 3.0 + 0.9 L/min/m2
< 0.05) and 12 h (3.9 + 0.5 L/min/m2
vs. 3.1 + 0.3 L/min/m2
We observed that septic shock patients with forearm skeletal muscle rSO2
≤60% throughout first 24 hours after ICU admission had significantly greater mortality rate than patients with forearm skeletal muscle rSO2
>60% throughout this critical time.