For the quantification of multiple injuries in children, a range of different trauma scores are available, the actual prognostic value of which has, however, not so far been investigated and compared in a group of patients.
In 261 polytraumatized children and adolescents, 11 trauma scores (Abbreviated Injury Scale [AIS], Injury Severity Score [ISS], Glasgow Coma Scale [GCS], Acute Trauma Index [ATI], Shock Index [SI], Trauma Score [TS], Revised Trauma Score [RTS], Modified Injury Severity Score [MISS], Trauma and Injury Severity Score [TRISS]-Scan, Hannover Polytrauma Score [HPTS], and Pediatric Trauma Score [PTS]) were calculated, and their prognostic relevance in terms of survival, duration of intensive care treatment, hospital stay, and long-term outcome
With a specificity of 80%, physiologic scores (TS, RTS, GCS, ATI) showed a greater accuracy (79–86% vs. 73–79%) with regard to survival prediction than did the anatomic scores (AIS, HPTS, ISS, PTS); combined forms of these two types of score (TRISS-Scan, MISS) did not provide any additional information (76–80%). Overall, the TRISS-Scan was the score that showed the highest correlation with duration of treatment and long-term outcome. Trauma scores specially conceived for use with children (PTS, MISS) failed to show any superiority vis-à-vis trauma scores in general.
With regard to prognostic quality and ease of use in the practical setting, TS and the TRISS-Scan are recommended for polytrauma in children and adolescents. Special pediatric scores are not necessary.