Many adults and most children with a solid-organ abdominal injury can be managed nonoperatively. To date, however, little is known about the outcome of nonoperative management of pancreatic injury. To analyze current treatment patterns of pancreatic injury in children, all children (age < 19 years) identified in the National Pediatric Trauma Registry (49,540 patients) and admitted to two level I pediatric trauma centers with a diagnosis of injury to the pancreas (International Classification of Disease-9 codes 863.81-863.84 and 863.91-863.94) were reviewed. Over a 7-year period, 154 children were identified with pancreatic injury. Thirty-one (20%) sustained severe injuries (grades III, IV, or V) and 123 (80%) sustained lowergrade injuries (grades I and II). Sixteen (52%) of the children sustaining grades III, IV, or V injury required pancreatic procedures (9 distal resections, 3 simple repairs, 2 enteric anastomoses, 2 others). Only 26 (21%) of the grades I and II injuries required surgical intervention specific to the pancreas (11 resections, 9 catheter drainage of pseudocysts, 2 enteric anastomoses, 4 others). Ninety-seven (79%) grades I and II injuries were successfully managed conservatively. Overall, 15 (10%) children required drainage procedures for pseudocyst. The frequency of operative intervention decreased during the last 4 years of the study (18 vs. 26%, p > 0.05), coinciding with a decrease in the frequency of drainage procedures for pseudocysts. The need for surgical intervention was not influenced by age, Injury Severity Score, or Pediatric Trauma Score (p > 0.05). Associated abdominal injuries were common but did not influence operations on the pancreas (p > 0.05). No deaths were attributed to the pancreatic injury. These data indicate that early intervention for pancreatic injury, in the absence of clinical deterioration or major ductal injury (grades III, IV, or V), is unwarranted, and careful observation may supplant the conventional surgical therapy recommended for adults.