ORIGINAL ARTICLE: PDF OnlySola Juan E. MD; Mattei, Peter MD; Pegoli, Walter Jr. MD; Paidas, Charles N. MDThe Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care: March 1994 Buy Abstract Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture is a rare childhood injury and is often difficult to diagnose. This is particularly true in infants. We present the case of a 3-month-old infant with traumatic rupture of the right diaphragm that became clinically apparent only after extubation. The diagnosis can often be made on the basis of chest radiography and clinical sings. Surgical treatment is required. Some phrenic nerve injuries can be anticipated and late sequelae may result. © Williams & Wilkins 1994. All Rights Reserved.