During a 5-year period from January 1987 through January 1992, 58 patients were admitted to the Allegheny General Hospital trauma center for non-scuba, non-suicidal diving injuries. There were 46 men and 12 women (mean age, 23 years). Forty-five patients were injured in swimming pools. Twenty-two patients had blood alcohol levels > 100 mg/dL. Cervical spine injury was the most common pathologic entity encountered in this group of patients. Closed head injury, pelvic fracture, thoracic vertebral fracture rib fractures were other injury, pelvic fracture, thoracic vertebral fracture rib fractures were other injuries identified. Some patients had multiple organ failure syndrome. Aquatic recretional activities carry a risk for injury that is preventable. The mechanism, clinical data complications of 58 patients are presented and the importance of prevention is discussed.
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