This was a narrative review.
Provide a comprehensive review of radiographic alignment parameters and their effect on procedure selection, surgical decision-making, and clinical outcomes for the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).
Summary of Background Data:
The use of radiographic parameters to predict prognosis and surgical outcomes in patients with CSM is an evolving field given the complex presentation of patients with this condition.
A literature search was conducted using PubMed for surgical treatment of CSM, with an emphasis on cervical radiographic parameters and clinical outcomes.
The principal goals of spine surgery can be broken down into decompression, stabilization, and restoration of alignment. The principle of restoring balance takes careful preoperative planning and attention to radiographic parameters including cervical lordosis, C2–C7 sagittal vertical axis, neck tilt, thoracic inlet angle, T1 slope, K-line, and modified K-line. Surgical interventions for CSM include anterior cervical discectomy and fusion, posterior cervical fusion, or laminoplasty and careful consideration of radiographic measures guide surgical decision-making is essential to ensure optimal outcomes.
Utilization of key radiographic parameters in surgical planning and decision-making allows surgeons to optimize clinical outcomes for CSM.
Level of Evidence: