Narrative ReviewRegional Anesthesia for Spine SurgeryGarg, Bhavuk MS*; Ahuja, Kaustubh MS†; Khanna, Puneet MD‡; Sharan, Alok D. MD, MHCDS§Author Information *Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi †Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand ‡Department of Anaesthesia, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India §WESTMED Spine Center, Yonkers, NY A.D.S.: consultant for paradigm spine. The remaining authors declare no conflict of interest. Reprints: Kaustubh Ahuja, MS, Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh 249201, Uttarkhand, India (e-mail: [email protected]). Clinical Spine Surgery: June 2021 - Volume 34 - Issue 5 - p 163-170 doi: 10.1097/BSD.0000000000001096 Buy Metrics Abstract Recent advancements in spine surgery anesthesia techniques and pain management has led to a paradigm shift from conventional open spinal procedures to minimally invasive spine surgeries performed on an outpatient basis. Spinal anesthesia and epidural anesthesia alone or in combination with spinal are common regional anesthesia modalities used in spine surgeries. New modalities of regional analgesia have emerged recently including erector spinae and thoracolumbar interfascial plane block, aimed at decreasing perioperative pain and enhancing early recovery in patients undergoing spine surgery. In this narrative review we discuss the characteristics of regional anesthesia including its types, indications, contraindications, benefits, and potential complications along with new modalities of regional analgesia. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.