*Rothman Institute at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA
†Department of Orthopaedics, Catholic University of Parana, Curitiba, Brazil
‡Center for Spine Surgery and Neurotraumatology, BG Unfallklinik Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt, Germany
§Spine Service, Orthopaedic Department, Sonnenhofspital, Bern, Switzerland
∥Department of Orthopaedics, Trauma, and Spine Surgery, Ganga Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
¶University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
#Center for Spinal Surgery, Erlangen, Germany
AO Spine Sacral Classification Group Members: Aaron Hockley, Abdelgawad Nasser, Akbar Jaleel Zubairi, Alecio Barcelos, Alex Del Arco, Alexander Weening, Alexander Z.E. Durst, Alfredo Guiroy, Ali Haghnegahdar, Ali Madawi, Ali Öner, Alqatub Ahmed, Alsammak Wael, Alvin Pun, Amit Bhandutia, Andrei F Joaquim, Andrés Felipe Gonzalez Arias, Ashraf El Naga, Bruno Saciloto, Bruno Santos, Chang Hwa Hong, Changqing LI, Charalampidis Anastasios, Christina Cheng, Chun-Hao Tsai, Ciccioli Nicolas, Claudio Bernucci, Daniela Linhares, Dave Anthony Dizon, David Bludovsky, David Glassman, Davletgaleev, Giovanni De Falco, Dewan Shamsul Asif, Dihan Aponso, Elias Enmanuel Javier Martinez, Enrico Pola, Enrique Casco, Enzo Mantelli, Frank Lyons, Gabriel Baroffio, Ganau Mario, Gonçalves, Gupta Anuj, Gururaj Gururaj, Gustavo Alonso de Jesús Navarro Cueva, Hai Nie, Hamouda Waeel, Hector Roldan, Heiller Torres Valencia, Henine Amin, Ichiro Okano, Ignacio Fernández Bances, Igor Paredes, Jacob Hoffmann, Janardhana Aithala Parampalli, Jeronimo Milano, Jorge Alves, Juan Esteban Muñoz Montoya, Juan Lourido, Jun Zhang, Khatri Manoj, Kimmatkar Nitin, Konstantinos Margetis, Kumar Vineet, Leandro Badalassi, Lozano C Lady, Maarten de Boer, Mahmoud Shoaib, Manish Vaish, Martin Holas, Matias Pereira Duarte, Matta Javier, Máximo-Alberto Diez-Ulloa, Medina Matías, Michel Triffaux, Mohamed Kandil, Mohammad El-Sharkawi, Morakis Andreas, Mostafa Abdelhafez, Nasser Khan, Nicassio Nicola, Nicholas Kruger, Nishanth Ampar, Norberto Fernandez, Nuno Neves, Olga Morillo, Olger Alarcon, Onuminya John, Oscar González Guerra, Osundina Ahmad, Panchu Subramanian, Pang Hung Wu, Patronis Dimitrios, Pedro Bazán, Pershin Andrey, Peter Ferlic, Peter Loughenbury, Philippe Bancel, Popescu Eugen Cezar, Purnajyoti Banerjee, Rabindra Pradhan, Rafael Lindi Sugino, Rajesh Bahadur Lakhey, Ramieri Alessamdro, Rian Vieira, Ricky Rasschaert, Russo Fabrizio, Saleem Muhammad, Samer Samy, Sathish Muthu, Sbaffi Pier Filippo, Scholz Matti, Sebastián Anibal Kornfeld, Sergio Zylbersztejn, Sícoli Alfredo, Siegmund Lang, Sinan Kahraman, Stipe Corluka, Subbiah Jayakumar, Subramaniam Macherla haribabu, Sudhir Ganesan, Taha Karimjee, Tarek Elhewala, Tejeda Martin, Thami Benzakour, Toluse Adetunji, Triki Mohamed Amine, Tsuyoshi Okudaira, Tulio Rangel, Ullrich Bernhard, Umit Guler, Vijay Kumar Loya, Vineesh Mathur, Vishwajeet Singh, Wael Chaaban Tarabay, Yetkin Söyüncü, Zacharia Silk, Zagorac Slavisa, Zdenek Klezl.
This study was organized and funded by AO Spine International through the AO Spine Knowledge Forum Trauma, a focused group of international spinal trauma experts acting on behalf of AO Spine. AO Spine is a clinical division of the AO Foundation, which is an independent medically guided nonprofit organization. Study support was provided directly through the AO Spine Research Department.
Dr Schroeder has received funds to travel from AO Spine and Medtronic. Dr Vaccaro has consulted or has done independent contracting for DePuy, Medtronic, Stryker Spine, Globus, Stout Medical, Gerson Lehrman Group, Guidepoint Global, Medacorp, Innovative Surgical Design, Orthobullets, Ellipse, and Vertex. He has also served on the scientific advisory board/board of directors/committees for Flagship Surgical, AO Spine, Innovative Surgical Design, and Association of Collaborative Spine Research. Dr Vaccaro has received royalty payments from Medtronic, Stryker Spine, Globus, Aesculap, Thieme, Jaypee, Elsevier, and Taylor Francis/Hodder and Stoughton. He has stock/stock option ownership interests in Replication Medica, Globus, Paradigm Spine, Stout Medical, Progressive Spinal Technologies, Advanced Spinal Intellectual Properties, Spine Medica, Computational Biodynamics, Spinology, In Vivo, Flagship Surgical, Cytonics, Bonovo Orthopaedics, Electrocore, Gamma Spine, Location Based Intelligence, FlowPharma, R.S.I., Rothman Institute and Related Properties, Innovative Surgical Design, and Avaz Surgical. In addition, Dr Vaccaro has also provided expert testimony. He has also served as deputy editor/editor of Clinical Spine Surgery. The remaining authors declare no conflict of interest.
Reprints: Mark J. Lambrechts, MD, Rothman Orthopaedic Institute at Thomas Jefferson University, 925 Chestnut Street, 5th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19107 Email: [email protected]