This was a retrospective cohort study.
The objective of this study was to determine if the degree of interbody cage lordosis and cage positioning are associated with changes in postoperative sagittal alignment after single-level transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF).
Summary of Background Data:
Ideal sagittal alignment and lumbopelvic alignment have been shown to correlate with postoperative clinical outcomes. TLIF is one technique that may improve these parameters, but whether the amount of cage lordosis improves either segmental or lumbar lordosis (LL) is unknown.
A retrospective review was performed on patients who underwent single-level TLIF with either a 5-degree or a 12-degree lordotic cage. LL, segmental lordosis (SL), disk height, center point ratio, cage position, and cage subsidence were evaluated. Correlation between center point ratio and change in lordosis was assessed using the Spearman correlation coefficient. Secondary analysis included multiple linear regression to determine independent predictors of change in SL.
A total of 126 patients were included in the final analysis, with 51 patients receiving a 5-degree cage and 75 patients receiving a 12-degree cage. There were no differences in the postoperative minus preoperative LL (∆LL) (12-degree cage: −1.66 degrees vs. 5-degree cage: −2.88 degrees, P=0.528) or ∆SL (12-degree cage: −0.79 degrees vs. 5-degree cage: −1.68 degrees, P=0.513) at 1-month follow-up. Furthermore, no differences were found in ∆LL (12-degree cage: 2.40 degrees vs. 5-degree cage: 1.00 degrees, P=0.497) or ∆SL (12-degree cage: 1.24 degrees vs. 5-degree cage: 0.35 degrees, P=0.541) at final follow-up. Regression analysis failed to show demographic factors, cage positioning, or cage lordosis to be independent predictors of change in SL. No difference in subsidence was found between groups (12-degree cage: 25.5% vs. 5-degree cage: 32%, P=0.431).
Lordotic cage angle and cage positioning were not associated with perioperative changes in LL, SL, or cage subsidence after single-level TLIF.
Level of Evidence: