A retrospective study.
To compare long-term clinical and radiologic outcomes between conventional double-door laminoplasty (LP) (group A) and cervical LP with C3 laminectomy (group B).
Summary of Background Data:
Cervical LP with C3 laminectomy preserving the semispinalis cervicis inserted into the axis decreased the patients’ postoperative axial pain and muscle atrophy, prevented interlaminar bony fusion, decreased limitations of daily living activity, including reduced postoperative neck mobility, and maintained the cervical range of motion (ROM) more effectively than conventional cervical LP reattaching the semispinalis cervicis in the short-term.
Materials and Methods:
Group A included 14 patients with an average age of 56.6 years at the time of surgery (follow-up rate 58.1%), and group B included 21 patients with an average age of 56.3 years at the time of surgery (follow-up rate 29.1%). We evaluated the clinical results, which included the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, JOA Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire (JOACMEQ), and radiologic results, including C2–C7 ROM, number of interlaminar bony fusions and presence of new spondylolisthesis at C3.
There were no significant differences in preoperative and postoperative JOA scores, recovery rate of JOA score, and JOACMEQ. Significantly fewer patients in group B experienced interlaminar bony fusion at C2–C3 compared with those in group A. There was no significant difference in the presence of new spondylolisthesis at C3. In patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy, the rate of decrease of C2–C7 ROM was significantly less in group B than in group A. In patients with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament, there was no significant difference in the rate of decrease of C2–C7 ROM between the groups.
C3 laminectomy prevented interlaminar bony fusion at C2–C3. C3 laminectomy maintained cervical ROM in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy. There were no adverse events due to C3 laminectomy at 10 years postsurgery.