THE BUSINESS OF MEDICINEWorker’s Compensation TerminologyGaletta, Matthew BA; Radcliff, Kristen E. MD; Hilibrand, Alan S. MD; Vaccaro, Alexander R. MD, PhD, MBA; Yeon, Howard B. MD, JDAuthor Information Rothman Orthopedic Institute, Philadelphia, PA Dr Vaccaro has consulted or has done independent contracting for DePuy, Medtronic, Stryker Spine, Globus, Stout Medical, Gerson Lehrman Group, Guidepoint Global, Medacorp, Innovative Surgical Design, Orthobullets, Ellipse, and Vertex. He has also served on the scientific advisory board/board of directors/committees for Flagship Surgical, AO Spine, Innovative Surgical Design, and Association of Collaborative Spine Research. Dr Vaccaro has received royalty payments from Medtronic, Stryker Spine, Globus, Aesculap, Thieme, Jaypee, Elsevier, and Taylor Francis/Hodder and Stoughton. He has stock/stock option ownership interests in Replication Medica, Globus, Paradigm Spine, Stout Medical, Progressive Spinal Technologies, Advanced Spinal Intellectual Properties, Spine Medica, Computational Biodynamics, Spinology, In Vivo, Flagship Surgical, Cytonics, Bonovo Orthopaedics, Electrocore, Gamma Spine, Location Based Intelligence, FlowPharma, R.S.I., Rothman Institute and Related Properties, Innovative Surgical Design, and Avaz Surgical. He has also served as deputy editor/editor of Spine. In addition, Dr Vaccaro has also provided expert testimony. The remaining authors declare no conflict of interest. Reprints: Howard B. Yeon, MD, JD, 50 Craig Road, Montvale, NJ 07645 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org). Clinical Spine Surgery: August 2020 - Volume 33 - Issue 7 - p 280-283 doi: 10.1097/BSD.0000000000001018 Buy Metrics Abstract Injuries to the spine comprise a high percentage of workplace injuries. Spine surgeons’ evaluation of injured workers requires attention to facts specific to worker’s compensation claims including whether the injury occurred in the scope of employment, whether a work incident was causally related to the injury, and whether the injury contributed to a significant degree to the patient’s overall medical condition. An injured worker’s compensation is subject to state-specific guidelines and is largely dependent on the degree of disability and whether the disability is temporary or permanent. Here, we review the background, organization, and key terms used in the worker’s compensation system. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.