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How to Write an Effective Introduction

Fried, Tristan, BS*; Foltz, Carol, PhD; Lendner, Mayan, BS; Vaccaro, Alexander R., MD, PhD, MBA

doi: 10.1097/BSD.0000000000000714
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
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Ideally, the Introduction is an essential attention grabbing section of a research paper. If written correctly, the Introduction peaks the reader’s interest as well as serves as a roadmap for the rest of the paper. An effective Introduction builds off related empirical research and demonstrates a gap in which the current study fills. Finally, the Introduction proposes the research question(s) which will be answered in subsequent sections of the paper. A strong Introduction also requires the use of a simple and well-organized format as well as the avoidance of common pitfalls.

*Sydney Kimmel Medical College

Rothman Institute, Philadelphia, PA

Dr Vaccaro has consulted or has done independent contracting for DePuy, Medtronic, Stryker Spine, Globus, Stout Medical, Gerson Lehrman Group, Guidepoint Global, Medacorp, Innovative Surgical Design, Orthobullets, Ellipse, and Vertex. He has also served on the scientific advisory board/board of directors/committees for Flagship Surgical, AO Spine, Innovative Surgical Design, and Association of Collaborative Spine Research. Dr Vaccaro has received royalty payments from Medtronic, Stryker Spine, Globus, Aesculap, Thieme, Jaypee, Elsevier, and Taylor Francis/Hodder and Stoughton. He has stock/stock option ownership interests in Replication Medica, Globus, Paradigm Spine, Stout Medical, Progressive Spinal Technologies, Advanced Spinal Intellectual Properties, Spine Medica, Computational Biodynamics, Spinology, In Vivo, Flagship Surgical, Cytonics, Bonovo Orthopaedics, Electrocore, Gamma Spine, Location Based Intelligence, FlowPharma, R.S.I., Rothman Institute and Related Properties, Innovative Surgical Design, and Avaz Surgical. He has also served as deputy editor/editor of Spine. In addition, Dr Vaccaro has also provided expert testimony. The remaining authors declare no conflict of interest.

Reprints: Mayan Lendner, BS, Rothman Institute Orthopaedics, Philadelphia, PA 19107 (e-mail: mayan.lendner@rothmaninstitute.com).

Received February 23, 2018

Accepted July 27, 2018

© 2019 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.