*Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
†Neurosurgery Department, Emam Hossein Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
‡Department of Surgery, Trauma and Vascular Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
§Cochrane Schizophrenia Group, The Institute of Mental Health, the University of Nottingham and Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust, Nottingham, UK
∥Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences
¶Clinical Trial Center (CTC), Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
#Department of Orthopaedics and Neurosurgery, Rothman Institute, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA
V.R.-M.: third reviewer; design of the study and performed quality control. F.S.: performed search strategy and preparation of papers. M.S.-N. and S.A.: are 2 independent reviewers who read all titles and abstracts. M.S.-N. and L.J.: are 2 independent reviewers who read all full texts of eligible trials and assessed risk of bias. A.R.V.: revised the manuscript and performed quality control.
Partially funded by Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences.
Dr Vaccaro has consulted or has done independent contracting for DePuy, Medtronic, Stryker Spine, Globus, Stout Medical, Gerson Lehrman Group, Guidepoint Global, Medacorp, Innovative Surgical Design, Orthobullets, Ellipse, and Vertex. He has also served on the scientific advisory board/board of directors/committees for Flagship Surgical, AO Spine, Innovative Surgical Design, and Association of Collaborative Spine Research. Dr Vaccaro has received royalty payments from Medtronic, Stryker Spine, Globus, Aesculap, Thieme, Jaypee, Elsevier, and Taylor Francis/Hodder and Stoughton. He has stock/stock option ownership interests in Replication Medica, Globus, Paradigm Spine, Stout Medical, Progressive Spinal Technologies, Advanced Spinal Intellectual Properties, Spine Medica, Computational Biodynamics, Spinology, In Vivo, Flagship Surgical, Cytonics, Bonovo Orthopaedics, Electrocore, Gamma Spine, Location Based Intelligence, FlowPharma, R.S.I., Rothman Institute and Related Properties, Innovative Surgical Design, and Avaz Surgical. He has also served as deputy editor/editor of Spine. In addition, Dr Vaccaro has also provided expert testimony. The remaining authors declare no conflict of interest.
Reprints: Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, MD, Sina Hospital, Hassan Abad Square, Imam Khomeini Ave., Tehran 11365-3876, Iran (e-mails: [email protected]; [email protected]).