The aim of this study was to develop an artificial neural network (ANN
) model to predict
recurrent lumbar disk herniation (LDH).
model and a logistic regression model were used to predict recurrent LDH
. The age, sex, duration of symptoms, smoking status, recurrent LDH
, level of herniation, type of herniation, sports activity; occupational lifting, occupational driving, duration of symptoms, visual analog scale (VAS), the Zung Depression Scale (ZDS), and the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) Score, were determined as the input variables for the established ANN
model. The Macnab classification, VAS, and JOA were used for outcome assessment. ANNs on data from LDH patients, who underwent surgery, were trained to predict
LDH using several input variables. The patients were divided into a recurrent LDH
group (R group) and a primary LDH group (P group). Sensitivity analysis was applied to identify the relevant variables. The receiver-operating characteristic curve, accuracy rate of predicting, and Hosmer-Lemeshow statistics were considered for evaluating the 2 models.
A total of 402 patients were categorized into training, testing, and validation data sets consisting of 201, 101, and 100 cases, respectively. The recurrence rate was 8.7%, and the median time to recurrence was 26.2 months (SD=4 mo). The VAS of leg/back pain and JOA were improved at 1-year follow-up (P
<0.05) and no significant difference was observed between the 2 groups. Surgical successful outcome was categorized as: excellent, 31.1%; good, 44.3%; fair, 18.9%; and poor, 5.7% at 1-year follow-up. Compared with the logistic regression model, the ANN
model was associated with superior results: accuracy rate, 94.1%; Hosmer-Lemeshow statistic, 40.2%; and area under the curve, 0.83% of patients.
The findings show that an ANNs can be used to predict
the diagnostic statues of recurrent and nonrecurrent group of LDH patients before the first or index microdiscectomy.