ORIGINAL ARTICLE: PDF OnlyPosterolateral Fusion for Isthmic Spondylolisthesis in Adults Analysis of Fusion Rate and Clinical ResultsDeguchi, Masao* †; Rapoff, Andrew J.*; Zdeblick, Thomas A.*Author Information *Division of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A. †Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nagano Red Cross Hospital, Nagano, Japan Journal of Spinal Disorders: December 1998 - Volume 11 - Issue 6 - p 459-464 Buy Abstract This is a retrospective study of 83 consecutive adult patients with isthmic Spondylolisthesis who underwent identical decompressive surgery combined with posterolateral spine fusion. We sought to determine factors that affect the fusion rate and clinical outcomes for adult patients with isthmic spondylolisthesis. The outcome of operative treatment for isthmic spondylolisthesis in adults has been poorly documented, as opposed to the treatment of children and adolescents. From 1989 to 1994, 83 consecutive adult patients (age 19–66 years; average, 38 years) underwent surgical treatment consisting of the Gill procedure and posterolateral fusion for isthmic lumbosacral spondylolisthesis. Seventy-three patients (46 men and 27 women) were available for an average of 3.8 years' follow-up (1.0–7.4 years). Thirty-eight underwent one-level fusion, and 35 underwent two-level fusions. Pedicle screw instrumentation was performed in 69 patients. A postoperative questionnaire including the Roland index, clinical charts, and radiographs were reviewed by an independent observer to assess the postoperative course, clinical results, and fusion status. Twenty-five variables were evaluated to determine which affected the fusion and success rates. Primary radiologic fusion and clinical success rates were 78 and 71%, respectively. There was a strong positive correlation between radiologic fusion and clinical success. Overall, single-level fusions showed an 82% fusion rate, and two-level fusions, a 74% rate. For two-level fusions, a significantly higher fusion rate was achieved with a rigid pedicle screw-fixation system than a semirigid system (79 vs. 57%). For smokers, cessation from smoking postoperatively did not increase the fusion rate, and patients who continued to smoke after surgery showed a significantly higher rate of pseudarthrosis. Worker's compensation status did not affect clinical results significantly. Patients who continued to take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) > 3 months postoperatively showed significantly lower fusion and success rates (44 and 37%), Single-level lumbar fusion for isthmic spondylolisthesis was equally effective with either rigid or semirigid pedicle screw instrumentation. For multilevel spine fusion in isthmic spondylolisthesis, rigid pedicle screw-fixation systems resulted in a high fusion rate. A smoking history or NSAIDs use postoperatively had strong negative influences on the fusion and clinical success rates. © 1998 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.