Most Viewed Videos : Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics

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Creator: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Duration: 5:51
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Clinical guidelines provide recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with specific guidance on caring for children younger than 6 years. This exploratory study describes ADHD diagnosis and treatment patterns among young children in the U.S. using two nationally representative parent surveys. Click here to read the article.
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Creator: Rachel Morgan and Linda Prudente
Duration: 4:30
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics
School-age children with ADHD participated in an 8-week after-school Tai-Chi that showed robust reductions in core ADHD symptoms of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention after the mindful movement training. Reductions were also seen in associated features including emotion dysregulation and symptoms of ODD. These children also showed robust improvements on an objective assessment of developmental motor control, and these objective improvements in motor control were significantly associated with improvements in subjective parent ratings of ADHD behavior. This suggests that motor control may be a biomarker that could be targeted by the mindful movement intervention to improve behavior in children with ADHD.
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Creator: Michelle Greene
Duration: 4:25
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics
Mothers of very low birth weight infants (VLBW, birth weight less than 3 pounds, 5 ounces) experience maternal psychological distress, defined as depression, anxiety and perinatal post-traumatic stress (PPTS).This study estimated maternal distress at time of VLBW infants' birth, modeled change in distress over VLBW infants' first year of life, and examined predictors of distress. Distress declined over VLBW infants' first year of life. Mothers residing in lower income environments had lower PPTS and anxiety at VLBW infant birth. VLBW birth weight and maternal age, respectively, predicted change in anxiety over time, and change in depression over time. Read the article.
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Creator: Libby Matile Milkovich
Duration: 3:08
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics
Phones interrupt in-person interactions. Problematic phone users likely have increased interruptions due to their addiction-like behaviors towards their phones. Child behavior can reflect the quality of in-person, caregiver-child interactions. To explore child behavior and caregiver problematic phone use, we surveyed caregivers of children about their problematic phone use and their perception of their child’s mealtime behavior. Higher ratings of child problematic mealtime behavior were associated with higher symptoms of caregiver problematic phone use. Although the study does not show causality, caregiver-child interactions are bidirectional thus possibly allowing for future child problematic behavioral interventions to address caregiver problematic phone use.
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Creator: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Duration: 5:28
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 40(4):275-284, May 2019
Researchers conducted a multi-site, randomized controlled trial to examine the impact of the Legacy for Children program on child health and development. Results revealed Legacy has a positive impact on child emotional and behavioral outcomes, child IQ, and mother-child interactions. Read the article.
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Creator: Linda S. Pagani, Caroline Fitzpatrick
Duration: 6:01
This video aims to concisely provide information regarding each step of this study that has been published in the Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics in October 2022. The French version of the video is available upon request, please contact the main author directly for access
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Creator: M. Jackson Wilkinson and Carol L. Wilkinson
Duration: 3:45
Primary care providers and parents rely on developmental milestone checklists as tools for tracking a child’s development. However, there are multiple published milestone checklists that vary in their structure and content. Our team systematically evaluated the consistency and variability between four commonly used milestone checklists. We found that there was limited overlap in the content across these four checklists. In addition, the milestones shared across checklists were inconsistent in their estimated ages of when milestones should occur. Our findings highlight the need for objectively defined and accurately normed developmental milestones. Read the article.
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Creator: Nancy Cheak-Zamora, Ph.D.
Duration: 3:44
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 43(3):130-139, April 2022
The video details the study, Assessing and Promoting Independence in Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder, including the qualitative methods used in the study, results, and implications.
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Creator: University of Michigan Health System
Duration: 5:08
Dr. Jenny Radesky discusses her qualitative interviews with parents of young children about their mobile device use habits, highlighting the 3 main tensions parents expressed. These included: 1) cognitive tensions, feeling “information overload” and difficulties multitasking between tech and children; 2) emotional tensions, including the feeling that the sometimes “intrusive” nature of mobile media makes it more stress-inducing, but also that they seek it as a way self-regulate when stressed with parenting; 3) dyadic tensions, described as discomfort with how mobile device use during family routines seemed to interrupt moments of connection, but also could act as a peacekeeper.Click here to read the article.
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Creator: Tiffany Munzer
Duration: 4:00
This brief video highlights findings from “Child Media Use During Covid-19: Associations with Contextual and Social-emotional Factors.” We describe how psychosocial and contextual stressors were associated with children’s digital media use, and how digital media use was associated with social-emotional outcomes in adaptive and less adaptive ways.
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Creator: Marie-Josée Harbec, Gary Goldfield, Tracie A. Barnett, Linda Pagani
Duration: 5:38
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 43(3):159-167, April 2022
This prospective-longitudinal study assesses the reciprocal relationship between physical activity, including sport participation, and depressive and anxiety symptoms, conceptualized as emotional distress, over time. We used a population-based longitudinal birth cohort design (n = 1438). We found that boys who were not physically active at age 5 years were more likely to experience later emotional distress from ages 6 to 10 years. Boys who experienced less depressive and anxious symptoms from ages 6 to 10 years were also more likely to be more physically active at age 12 years. We underscore male needs for physical activity for health promotion.
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Creator: Deanna Lau
Duration: 4:29
A diagnosis of ASD may be reliably made by 24 months old, yet the average age of ASD diagnosis is 4 years, 4 months old. Literature suggests that children with ASD have high rates of coexisting developmental behavioral disorders. Using nationally representative data from the 2011 Survey of Pathways to Diagnosis and Services, we investigated whether receiving a diagnosis of an alternate developmental behavioral disorder before ASD is associated with delays in ASD diagnosis following parental report of concern to healthcare professionals.
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Creator: Audrey Tluczek
Duration: 5:27
This abstract summarizes findings from the qualitative analysis of parent responses to a national survey conducted by the Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Foundation designed to increase our understanding of parents’ experiences in managing the needs of their children with CF and to identify potential gaps in services. Data sampled from 80 parents of children (< 18 years) showed that parents’ expertise expands with time and experience as they adapt to their children’s development and health. Parental expertise may not always be recognized or known to clinicians. The quality of clinical encounters, severity of CF, and parent hopefulness served as contextual factors.
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Creator: Jessica L. Riggs, PhD
Duration: 4:54
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 43(4):e227-e236, May 2022
Young children whose parents experienced childhood adversity are at risk for developmental problems (including social, emotional, and cognitive domains) across the lifespan. Parenting behavior may be a mechanism linking parental adversity and subsequent child language development problems, and is a target for intervention. Utilizing a randomized controlled trial, we demonstrated that a relationship-focused home visiting program, Infant Mental Health Home Visiting (IMH-HV), mitigates impact of maternal ACEs on toddler language. Parental adversity can impact development across generations, but intervention can mitigate this negative effect; IMH-HV and other relational interventions should be available to those at risk.
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Creator: Vivian W. L. Tsang
Duration: 4:30
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 43(4):197-205, May 2022
This study takes an innovative approach to investigate the needs of young patients as they age out of paediatric care. Specifically, this three-phase mixed-methods study directly includes youth as co-researchers (YCR) from the creation of research objectives and implementation to data evaluation and knowledge translation. Challenges exist with siloed transition programs. It is important that comprehensive community support related to the pre-transition, transfer, and post-transition care of young patients be included in order for transition to be successful; a brilliant pre-transition preparation process is futile if post-transition care is unavailable or inadequate.
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Creator: Sana Charania
Duration: 3:48
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 43(1):23-31, January 2022
Researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) used parent-reported, nationally representative data to understand the prevalence of Tourette syndrome, co-occurring disorders, and bullying involvement. The findings showed that 1 in 333 children was diagnosed with Tourette syndrome. More than 80% had other mental, behavioral, or developmental disorders. More than half of children with Tourette syndrome were victims of bullying. About 20% were also perpetrators of bullying; most of these perpetrators were also victims of bullying. Parents, teachers, and healthcare providers can ensure that children receive the right support.
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Creator: Elise Fallucco, MD
Duration: 4:35
This video is a brief summary of the study, "The Brief Early Childhood Screening Assessment: Preliminary Validity in Pediatric Primary Care". It describes the importance of early identification of behavioral and emotional problems in young children, and highlights the development and validation of the Brief ECSA which is a screening instrument used to identify these problems. Click here to read the article.
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Creator: Dr. Carole Samango-Sprouse
Duration: 4:41
47,XXY, Klinefelter syndrome is typically associated with increased perceptual abilities compared to verbal skills. One-third of our subjects had higher verbal capabilities than perceptual skills. Those participants who showed increased PIQ compared to their VIQ excelled on perceptual and visual spatial subtests. Expressive and receptive vocabulary skills were commensurate in both groups, which has not been reported previously. This study identifies an alternative profile of 47,XXY with increased verbal capabilities compared to perceptual skills. Our findings of commensurate expressive and receptive vocabulary skills reveal age as an impactful factor in vocabulary development, as higher receptive skills are associated with 47,XXY.
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Creator: Kate Wallis, MD, MPH
Duration: 4:43
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 42(1):23-31, January 2021
We describe our study that investigated referrals made in response to a positive developmental screen in primary care pediatrics. We asked whether disparities exist in which referrals are made or if referral varied by sex or among children from different racial, ethnic, and income backgrounds. Using data on screening and referral from the large primary care network at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, which screens children at 15, 18, 24 and 30 month visits with the survey of wellbeing in young children (SWYC), we found that 43% of children were not referred to early intervention after a positive screen.
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Creator: Helen Koechlin, Carolina Donado, Joe Kossowsky
Duration: 5:16
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics
In our article, we examined data collected by the National Institute of Child Health and Development for the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. This longitudinal cohort followed more than 1,000 children and their families from the child’s birth until the age of 15. Our findings highlight the importance of the context within which a child grows up: not only the family context and the mental health of parents, but also the peer context and friendships are important influences that help decide whether a child develops adjustment problems or not in the face of stressful life events. Read the article.
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Creator: Nicole T. Baumer
Duration: 4:54
Scientific advances have led to a better understanding of neurobiological differences in Down syndrome. As new research efforts target cognitive functioning and core functional deficits, we sought to explore parent attitudes about research efforts to enhance cognition and factors that impact willingness to participate in clinical drug trial research. Our findings highlight the complexity of issues that influence parent attitudes, and have broader implications for the field of neurodevelopmental disabilities. Findings reflect the importance of incorporating parent perspectives and values in research direction and design.
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Creator: Suzanne Tough
Duration: 3:00
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics
This study examines risk and protective factors associated with externalizing behavior among 1300 children. We found that moms who faced more mental health challenges when their children were two were more likely to report that their children had externalizing behaviors at age three. Children in daycare, or whose moms participated in community activities, such as story time at the library, were less likely to report externalizing behavior in their children. Opportunities for children to practice their self-regulation skills through structured interactions with same age peers can enhance school readiness and should be made accessible to all families. Read the article.
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Creator: Kelly Kamimura-Nishimura
Duration: 5:45
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 43(6):311-319, August 2022
This study examines the simultaneous impact of patient, parent, and healthcare system factors on ADHD medication continuity. 84% of the children had at least 1 filled prescription, and a weaker perceived clinician-family working alliance predicted not filling any prescriptions. Factors linked to fewer days of medication coverage included non-White race, older age, being female, lower income, lower parent beliefs that ADHD affects their lives, and higher parent beliefs that medication is harmful, while child ODD and parental ADHD predicted better medication coverage. These findings may facilitate development of strategies to improve medication continuity for diverse children.
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Creator: Roopa Srinivasan
Duration: 6:33
This study aims to (1) adapt the Measure of Processes of Care (MPOC-20) for use in India and (2) evaluate family-centered services for children with disabilities and their caregivers in an urban Indian context. Methods: In this cross-sectional observational study, we translated the MPOC-20 into Hindi. Caregivers of children diagnosed with developmental disabilities who read and/or understood Hindi and had received services for ≥6 months were recruited. The psychometric properties of the Hindi MPOC-20 were assessed using factor analysis followed by reliability analyses. The Hindi MPOC-20 was used to assess caregiver perceptions about the family-centeredness of services delivered between October 2016 and February 2017 at Ummeed Child Development Center. Results: Of the 170 eligible children, 141 (83%) comprised the study sample. Most were boys (66%) with a median age of 67 months. Factor analyses yielded a 4-factor scale with items loading differently from the original measure. The resulting Hindi MPOC-20 had acceptable to good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha of scales: 0.71–0.86). On the Hindi MPOC-20, Respectful and Coordinated Care, Enabling Partnership and Providing Specific Information were identified as strengths and Providing General Information as a relative limitation of the service by caregivers across different income and education groups. Conclusion: The Hindi MPOC-20 shows acceptable psychometric properties for use with caregivers of children with disabilities in India. The availability of Hindi MPOC-20 paves the way for the assessment of the family-centeredness of services in India and provides a roadmap for adaptations in other low- and middle-income countries.
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Creator: Hikmat Chmait
Duration: 4:41
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 42(1):41-45, January 2021
Twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) is a severe pregnancy complication of monochorionic twins that results in discordant in utero environments for each genetically identical twin. The aim of this study was to test for differences in temperament between former donor and recipient twins. Parents of dual twin survivors aged 3-7 years who underwent in utero laser surgery for TTTS were surveyed using the Very Short Form of the Child Behavioral Questionnaire (VSF-CBQ). There were no statistically significant differences between the twins. Despite varied in utero environments, no temperament differences between donor/recipient twins were found for the population as a whole.
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Creator: Nanette Gartrell, MD and Dee Mosbacher MD PhD
Duration: 4:01
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 37(3):179-187, April 2016
Using the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children’s Health dataset, we compared spouse/partner relationships and parent-child relationships (family relationships), parenting stress, and children’s general health, emotional difficulties, coping behavior, and learning behavior (child outcomes) in households of same-sex (female) versus different-sex continuously coupled parents with biological offspring. We assessed whether associations among family relationships, parenting stress, and child outcomes were different in the two household types. We found that children with female same-sex parents and different-sex parents demonstrated no differences in outcomes, despite female same-sex parents reporting more parenting stress. Click here to read the article.
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Creator: Pinar Zengin Akkus
Duration: 4:06
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics
Management of phenylketonuria (PKU) was reported to be time consuming and burdensome for caregivers. This study explored the experiences of families caring for a child with phenylketonuria/mild hyperphenylalaninemia in a country with a high PKU rate. Moreover, the factors associated with parental psychological well-being were highlighted. Read the article.
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Creator: Katey Hayes
Duration: 4:34
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 42(9):e1-e7, December 2021
Adverse family experiences (AFEs), including parent divorce and domestic violence negatively impact obesogenic behaviors and engagement in healthy weight behaviors (HWBs). The current study utilized a moderated mediation model to investigate the role of family connection in the relationship between AFEs and HWBs for children with behavioral difficulties.
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Creator: Alithe van den Akker
Duration: 4:54
Although temper tantrums are considered a normal part of child development, they are also a symptom of several behavioral and mood disorders. To differentiate normal range temper tantrums from those that may be an early warning sign of problems, we examined how three characteristics (frequency, duration, behavioral profile) were distributed in one- to five-year-old children, and how these predicted adjustment problems a year later. Characteristics differed across ages, different characteristics were predictive of internalizing versus externalizing problems, and children who were characterized by high aggressive and self-injurious behavior appeared especially important to pay attention to.
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Creator: Natacha Akshoomoff, Ph.D.
Duration: 3:56
We analyzed follow-up data at age 10 years from children who participated in the Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborns Study - also known as a the ELGAN study. Complete data were available from 668 children who were born at less than 28 weeks gestation and who did not have intellectual disability at age 10. We found that about 30% of these children had low achievement in math, reading, or both. As predicted, the rate of having a Math Learning Disability was twice as high as having a Reading Learning Disability. The pattern of deficits on neuropsychological tests varied as a function of learning disability type. Click here to read the article.
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Creator: Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center
Duration: 4:12
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 39(4):282-291, May 2018
Lead author, Julia Anixt, MD presents findings from a research study evaluating the types of challenging behaviors parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) prioritize for treatment during Developmental Behavioral Pediatric (DBP) clinic visits. This study explores how much shared decision making (SDM) occurs during “usual care” DBP clinic visits, how often parent priorities are addressed in the treatment plan, and how often parents feel uncertain about the decision of whether to use medication to treat their children’s challenging behaviors. Read the article.
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Creator: Luciane R. Piccolo
Duration: 4:58
This study examined: 1) impacts of a reading aloud intervention in northeastern Brazil, called Universidade do Bebê (UBB), on parenting and child development; 2) variation in impact by parent literacy level; and 3) indirect impacts on child outcomes through cognitive stimulation. Utilizing a randomized controlled trial, we demonstrated that UBB provided beginning in pregnancy and early infancy resulted in large enhancements in parenting outcomes, even for parents with low literacy, and indirect effects of UBB on child outcomes through cognitive stimulation in the home. Findings support implementation of reading aloud programs beginning in pregnancy and early childhood.
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Creator: Dori Jenks
Duration: 4:33
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics
In this video abstract, the lead author for the study describes the importance of examining the association between television viewing and parent-child shared book reading, given the implications that each of these activities has on children’s developmental outcomes. The results of the study are presented along with recommendations for policy makers and health care providers on how to communicate with parents regarding structuring screen time and shared book reading in the home. The video concludes with a challenge posed to the audience to reflect on their own experiences with these two activities. Click here to read the article.
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Creator: Ayten Bilgin
Duration: 5:52
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 43(1):e9-e19, January 2022
This video describes our recent study published in the Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics titled “Bed-Sharing in the First 6 Months: Associations with Infant-Mother Attachment, Infant Attention, Maternal Bonding and Sensitivity at 18 Months”. The current study investigated whether bed-sharing during the first 6 months of life is associated with infant’s attachment and attention and mother’s bonding and sensitive parenting at 18 months of age.
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Creator: Rashed AlRasheed
Duration: 5:20
Medical homes, an enhanced model of primary care, are thought to improve child mental health management. Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are commonly treated in pediatric practices, yet little is known about ADHD treatment patterns in medical homes. We assessed for treatment variation depending on parent-perceived medical home status using data from the 2016 National Survey of Children’s Health. We found that medical homes increased the odds of children receiving ADHD medications alone, but not behavioral treatment alone nor combination treatment. Thus, medical homes may need further improvement to ensure children with ADHD receive treatments as recommended by clinical guidelines.
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Creator: Lisa Wiggins
Duration: 4:21
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 43(4):216-223, May 2022
Toileting resistance is more common among children with autism (49.1%) than children with other developmental delays (DD; 23.6%) and those from the general population (8.0%). Diarrhea and problems with social awareness were associated with toileting resistance in children with autism and other DD. Constipation, language delays, and low social motivation were associated with toileting resistance only in children with autism; problems recognizing patterns and shapes and oppositional behaviors were associated with toileting resistance in only children with DD. These findings may facilitate discussions between parents and providers about treatments for conditions that may place children at risk for toileting resistance.
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Creator: Wilko Duprez
Duration: 4:51
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics
This longitudinal study assessed the intellectual, academic and executive functioning skills of children diagnosed with ADHD at diagnosis and four years later. Intellectual function was stable over the four-year interval. Reliable change analyses highlighted variability in academic performance, with half the children showing performance declines in at least one academic subject. Executive functions followed a generally stable or improving course. There was some evidence of better neurocognitive performance in those with partial symptom remission at follow up, however early cognitive functioning did not predict symptom outcome over time. Findings emphasize the importance of monitoring academic performance in children with ADHD. Click here to read the article.
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Creator: Jordan Stefko, MD
Duration: 4:20
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 43(1):e1-e8, January 2022
This study explored the relationship between the Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN) Screener and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). This study stratified the CSHCN population into children with: no special health care needs, health care needs with no functional limitations, and functional limitations. Children with functional limitations had higher mean total SDQ scores and higher SDQ factor scores. This emphasizes the important role of primary care clinicians in identifying children with chronic conditions who are at an increased risk of behavioral and developmental concerns. This can aid the clinician in identifying appropriate resources for children and families.
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Creator: Tuba Çelen Yoldaş
Duration: 4:01
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics
The Parents’ Evaluation of Developmental Status (PEDS) and the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) are commonly used developmental screening tools in pediatric practice worldwide. This study compared the screening results of the PEDS and the ASQ in children with a wide range of ages. The actual agreement between the tests was 74% with a concordance represented by Cohen’s κ of 0.422 in the total sample. The agreement was higher in children aged 25 to 48 months than for the other ages. The use of such parent-completed developmental tools should be encouraged for universal screening.
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Creator: Sarah Kirsch, David Meryash
Duration: 5:41
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 39(5):365-375, June 2018
Sarah Kirsch, lead author, describes a national study of the determinants of parent satisfaction with emergency or urgent care visits by their children with autism spectrum disorder. The researchers found that the factors most associated with parent satisfaction were indicators of the quality of interpersonal and communication skills of the medical and non-medical staff of the facility at which the patients were treated. These were more important, for example, than patient traits, reason for visit, or whether the patient was cooperative. The authors emphasize the importance of autism-specific training for emergency department staff to maximizing satisfaction with care. Read the article.
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Creator: Matt Barnard
Duration: 5:23
Drs. Monika Neale, Chelsea Arnhart, and Sara Coffey discuss the importance of using Person-centered language (PCL) within autism research and discuss our research quantifying PCL adherence rates among published articles.
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Creator: Mater Research
Duration: 4:47
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 38(5):310-321, June 2017
The Queensland Flood Study (QF2011) took advantage of a severe flood in Queensland, Australia to investigate the effects of disaster-related prenatal maternal stress on temperament characteristics at 6-months-old. Results showed that mothers’ subjective stress reactions and cognitive appraisal of the disaster while pregnant were associated with easier aspects of temperament in their infants. However, with higher levels of hardship in pregnancy, boys (but not girls) were rated as more irritable. Higher levels of hardship in early pregnancy also predicted more arrhythmic behavior. Finally, mothers whose emotional response to the flood exceeded the hardship they endured reported more active-reactive infants. Click here to read the article.
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Creator: Emily Hanno
Duration: 5:21
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 43(3):168-175, April 2022
The COVID-19 pandemic and associated public health measures have drastically affected life for children and families. In this study we examined changes in children’s behavioral health and families’ well-being at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Leveraging longitudinal data on nearly 3,000 children in Massachusetts, we used child fixed effects analyses to compare children’s own outcomes in Spring 2020 to their outcomes in pre-pandemic periods. We found that children’s behavioral health and families’ well-being worsened at the start of the pandemic. These findings underscore the need for family- and child-focused policies to mitigate negative outcomes.
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Creator: Gabrielle Michaeli, Madeline Evans, Sarah Stelzner
Duration: 2:24
The “Completion of Social Determinants of Health Screenings in Pediatric Practices Participating in a Quality Improvement Initiative” video abstract discusses a study that aimed to evaluate the efficacy of implementation of the ASHEW initiative in pediatric practices location in Indianapolis. During this year-long study, rates of screening for social drivers of health and subsequent referrals to community resources were recorded. Needed referrals fulfilled significantly increased during the study, however, no significant improvement was seen in referring positive screens to resources. In conclusion, ASHEW provides a framework for successful development and efficient integration of screening and referral processes into clinic workflow.
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