Jean Paul Rukabyarwema
We screened children at the main referral hospital in Rwanda using the Pediatric Symptom Checklist, translated into Kinyarwanda. Among 300 eligible children, 235 were recruited; none refused. PSC scores were positive in 74/234 cases; 28 of these children completed mental health assessments; 16 of these required treatment or further assessment. Screening sensitivity was 100%, specificity 71%, with favorable receiver operating curve characteristics and internal consistency. In a multivariate analysis, higher PSC scores were associated with outpatient care, CNS trauma or infection, and indices of malnutrition, and with the use of traditional, complementary and alternative medicine. Read the article.