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Video Abstract: Parental Attitudes and Beliefs Surrounding Play Among Predominantly Low-Income Urban Families: A Qualitative Study

Video Author: Philip Bertulfo
Published on: 07.18.2019

We sought to develop an improved understanding of attitudes and beliefs surrounding play among families who live in predominantly low-income urban communities. Utilizing qualitative methods, our results demonstrated caregivers of young children describe many important benefits of play. Yet they have misconceptions regarding use of toys and media in promoting development as well as notable barriers to participating in play, which may be opportunities for intervention. Public health programs may be more effectively implemented if they consider these attitudes to develop new or refine existing strategies for promoting parent-child learning activities. Read the article.

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Creator: Philip Bertulfo
Duration: 4:25
We sought to develop an improved understanding of attitudes and beliefs surrounding play among families who live in predominantly low-income urban communities. Utilizing qualitative methods, our results demonstrated caregivers of young children describe many important benefits of play. Yet they have misconceptions regarding use of toys and media in promoting development as well as notable barriers to participating in play, which may be opportunities for intervention. Public health programs may be more effectively implemented if they consider these attitudes to develop new or refine existing strategies for promoting parent-child learning activities. Read the article.
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Creator: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
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Read the video transcript.
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Duration: 5:23
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Creator: University of Maryland
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Creator: Philip Bertulfo
Duration: 4:25
We sought to develop an improved understanding of attitudes and beliefs surrounding play among families who live in predominantly low-income urban communities. Utilizing qualitative methods, our results demonstrated caregivers of young children describe many important benefits of play. Yet they have misconceptions regarding use of toys and media in promoting development as well as notable barriers to participating in play, which may be opportunities for intervention. Public health programs may be more effectively implemented if they consider these attitudes to develop new or refine existing strategies for promoting parent-child learning activities. Read the article.
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Duration: 2:30
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Shared reading practices and early literacy promotion in the first year of life. A summary of our publication detailing reading habits of families with infants during the first year of life. Read the article.
Creator: Jon Izaguirre, Xavier Vall, Dolores Miguel-Ruiz, Jose A. Alda, and Anna Huguet
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Duration: 3:15
Shared reading with young children is associated with improved language, literacy, and social-emotional outcomes. Shared reading is also believed to enhance parent-child relationships but the extent to which it reduces harsh parenting, an important aspect of the parent-child relationship, is understudied. In this study, we investigated associations between early shared reading and subsequent harsh parenting. We found that early shared reading was consistently associated with less harsh parenting later in the child’s life and that this association partially operated through enhanced child behaviors. Read the article.
Creator: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Duration: 5:52
Together with colleagues at the Brazilian Ministry of Health, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conducted the Zika Outcomes and Development in Infants and Children, or ZODIAC, investigation following up with children conceived during the 2015-2016 Zika virus outbreak in Brazil, as well as their primary caregivers. The investigation was designed to document the health and development of children with evidence of congenital Zika virus infection as they approached toddlerhood and the impact on their families. Some children exposed to Zika before birth may have complex health and developmental challenges requiring specialized care throughout their lives. Read the article.

Read the video transcript.
Creator: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Duration: 5:28
Researchers conducted a multi-site, randomized controlled trial to examine the impact of the Legacy for Children program on child health and development. Results revealed Legacy has a positive impact on child emotional and behavioral outcomes, child IQ, and mother-child interactions. Read the article.
Creator: Richard Watson, UNMC Public Relations
Duration: 4:53
Behavioral health issues routinely present during primary care visits. To address this, behavioral health providers have been integrating into primary care to improve access to care. This study provides preliminary evidence that offering behavioral health services in pediatric primary care settings results in youth accessing services sooner when symptoms are less severe. While disruptive behavior disorders were the most frequent presenting problem, youth with anxiety disorders were more likely to access services when receiving services within their pediatrician’s office. Read the article.
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Duration: 3:39
We analyzed data from 9,971 children who participated in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten: 2011, a nationally representative cohort of children entering kindergarten in the United States in 2010-2011. We examined the longitudinal relationships between performing chores in kindergarten and child perceived self-competence measures and academic outcomes in the third grade. Our study is unique in that we looked at how early childhood chores relate to development from a child’s own perspective. Performing chores in early elementary school was associated with later development of self-competence, pro-social behavior, and self-efficacy. Read the article.
Creator: Andrej Kopac
Duration: 5:47
Increased television viewing is associated with language delays in early childhood Unlike traditional screen time, mobile media devices offer the opportunity to interact with the interface. Studies examining the relationship between mobile media device use and developmental outcomes including communication outcomes in young children are lacking. The objective of our study was to examine the association between mobile media device use and communication delays in 18-month-old children. Read the article.
Creator: Ami Bax
Duration: 6:46
This study's purpose was to investigate the association between Race/Ethnicity, Socioeconomic, and other Demographic factors and ADHD Diagnosis and Treatment in children. Children who were white, had public insurance (i.e. Medicaid), were male, and raised by single parents appear to have increased access to ADHD diagnostic or medication services. ADHD prevalence was lower among Hispanic children but did not vary among other racial groups. New findings included boys and children raised in single-parent households potentially having higher rates of false positive diagnoses, which warrants further exploration. Read the article.
Creator: Jenny Radesky
Duration: 3:53
Dr. Jenny Radesky and Marisa Meyer discuss their article, Advertising in Children's Apps: A Content Analysis, with sample screen shots illustrating their findings. Read the article.
Creator: Kevin Hunter, Thaddaeus Edwards
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This video describes findings from a randomized controlled trial of Pathways Triple P behavioral parent training intervention. This program was delivered to families receiving child welfare services for child maltreatment. Child outcomes were measured using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL 4.0). Findings indicate significant improvements in child health-related quality of life. Read the article.
Creator: Helen Koechlin, Carolina Donado, Joe Kossowsky
Duration: 5:16
In our article, we examined data collected by the National Institute of Child Health and Development for the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. This longitudinal cohort followed more than 1,000 children and their families from the child’s birth until the age of 15. Our findings highlight the importance of the context within which a child grows up: not only the family context and the mental health of parents, but also the peer context and friendships are important influences that help decide whether a child develops adjustment problems or not in the face of stressful life events. Read the article.
Creator: Catherine A. Taylor and Ken Tyrolf
Duration: 5:12
Pediatricians are one of the most credible professional sources of advice for parents concerning how best to discipline their children. There is now an overwhelming body of scientific evidence that hitting children, even for disciplinary purposes (i.e., spanking or corporal punishment), leads to increased risk of harm to children’s overall health. This study shows that most U.S. pediatricians are aware of this evidence and do not support hitting children for discipline. Pediatricians can play a crucial role in shifting this long-standing, widely held social norm in the U.S. by sharing their views and pointing parents toward alternative forms of discipline. Read the article.
Creator: C. Thomas Lewis, IUPUI School of Informatics and Computing
Duration: 4:34
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Creator: Pascal Burger
Duration: 3:44
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Creator: Carol Strong & Meng-Che Tsai
Duration: 5:25
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Creator: Seattle Children’s Research Institute
Duration: 6:36
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Creator: Aleix Cabrera, Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) Video
Duration: 02:43
This study is the first to demonstrate associations between a longer time spent engaging in cognitively stimulating activities and lower scores of both ADHD symptoms and behavior problems, in ADHD-free children at baseline. We also found that sleeping longer was associated with a lower ADHD symptom score. In contrast, time spent watching TV and time spent engaging in physical activity at age 4 years were not associated with ADHD symptoms or behavior problems at age 7 years, nor was there any evidence of interactions between the several exposures considered. Click here to read the article.
Creator: University of Maryland
Duration: 3:17
During toddlerhood, children establish regular sleep patterns, with night awakenings followed by returning to sleep without parental intervention. However, some toddlers experience frequent night awakenings and may require parental intervention to return to sleep. Co-sleeping, meaning sharing the same bed or same room, occurs among many families with toddlers. We found that when parents perceive that their toddler has a sleep problem and they co-sleep, mothers lose almost one hour of sleep and report increased symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety. Practitioners might consider alternatives to co-sleeping when discussing sleep arrangements with parents.Read the article
Creator: Megan Narad, Jessica King
Duration:
We report on the rate need for academic services and academic service utilization among a cohort of children who sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) between the ages of 3 and 7 years old, as they transitioned to middle school, approximately 6.8 years after injury. Findings show the need for services among students with a history TBI remains high even years after injury. Rates of unmet need were high across all injury groups (46.2%-63.6%), underscoring the importance of continued monitoring of students with a history of TBI, especially children with less severe injuries who are at risk for being underserved. Read the article
Creator: Mission Health System Audio-Visual Support
Duration: 6:20
This video describes the initial development of the Clinical Functional Impairment Scale (CFIS). The CFIS was developed because of the lack of an efficient and flexible measure of functional outcomes in Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics. We describe the importance of shared-decision-making in the clinical use of the CFIS. Focus groups and qualitative methods were used to establish content validity. Inter-rater reliability was assessed with a convenience sample of DBP clinicians who responded to a survey on the SDBP Discussion Board in which case vignettes were presented. The video describes future development and goals for dissemination of the CFIS. Click here to read the article.
Creator: Joe Speer & Chelsey Grasso
Duration: 5:12
We analyzed cross-sectional data from the National Health Interview Survey 2014-2015 to explore the relationship between parental psychological distress and food insecurity by parental status (mothers/fathers). We found that food insecurity was independently associated withserious psychological distress (SPD) among both parents, with this association being especially strong in fathers, who were over four times more likely to have (SPD) if they were food insecure versus food secure. Findings suggest we need to improve screening and treatment for serious mental illness among food insecure parents by targeting both parents to mitigate the adverse effects of parental distress on children’s development. Click here to read the article.
Creator: Wilko Duprez
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This longitudinal study assessed the intellectual, academic and executive functioning skills of children diagnosed with ADHD at diagnosis and four years later. Intellectual function was stable over the four-year interval. Reliable change analyses highlighted variability in academic performance, with half the children showing performance declines in at least one academic subject. Executive functions followed a generally stable or improving course. There was some evidence of better neurocognitive performance in those with partial symptom remission at follow up, however early cognitive functioning did not predict symptom outcome over time. Findings emphasize the importance of monitoring academic performance in children with ADHD. Click here to read the article.
Creator: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Duration: 5:51
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Clinical guidelines provide recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with specific guidance on caring for children younger than 6 years. This exploratory study describes ADHD diagnosis and treatment patterns among young children in the U.S. using two nationally representative parent surveys. Click here to read the article.
Creator: Dori Jenks
Duration: 4:33
In this video abstract, the lead author for the study describes the importance of examining the association between television viewing and parent-child shared book reading, given the implications that each of these activities has on children’s developmental outcomes. The results of the study are presented along with recommendations for policy makers and health care providers on how to communicate with parents regarding structuring screen time and shared book reading in the home. The video concludes with a challenge posed to the audience to reflect on their own experiences with these two activities. Click here to read the article.
Creator: Luke Walton & Tugce Bilgin
Duration: 4:58
We report on the findings of a longitudinal study that followed very preterm/very low birth weight and full-term mother-infant dyads from birth to 18 months. We assessed both infant feeding problems and maternal sensitive parenting at term, 3 and 18 months and examined the direction of the associations between both. Results showed that the association between maternal sensitivity and feeding problems differed in very preterm and full-term mother-infant dyads. In full-term infants, there was a reciprocal association from 3 to 18 months; while in very preterm infants, higher feeding problems decreased maternal sensitivity over time. Click here to read the article.
Creator: Mater Research
Duration: 4:47
The Queensland Flood Study (QF2011) took advantage of a severe flood in Queensland, Australia to investigate the effects of disaster-related prenatal maternal stress on temperament characteristics at 6-months-old. Results showed that mothers’ subjective stress reactions and cognitive appraisal of the disaster while pregnant were associated with easier aspects of temperament in their infants. However, with higher levels of hardship in pregnancy, boys (but not girls) were rated as more irritable. Higher levels of hardship in early pregnancy also predicted more arrhythmic behavior. Finally, mothers whose emotional response to the flood exceeded the hardship they endured reported more active-reactive infants. Click here to read the article.
Creator: Megan Scott
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This video is a brief summary of the paper, “Neurocognitive correlates of ADHD symptoms in children born at extremely low gestational age”. Compared to children born near term, those born extremely preterm are at much higher risk for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Using the data from the Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborn study (ELGAN), we examined the neurocognitive correlates of ADHD symptoms in ELGANs at 10 years of age. Findings indicate that among children born extremely preterm, those with ADHD symptoms are more likely than others to have global neurocognitive impairment as well as deficits in executive functioning skills and poor academic achievement. Click here to read the article.
Creator: Dr. Marisa Toomey
Duration: 3:54
The peer interactions of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are of particular interest to many physicians and researchers who work with children who have ASD. The PROMIS Pediatric Parent-Proxy Peer Relationships Measure was validated in a general pediatric population, but it had not been previously studied in children with ASD. Clinicians from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Boston Children's Hospital, and The Children's Hospital at Montefiore collaborated to evaluate the existing PROMIS Peer Relationships Measure in a population of children with ASD. In this video, Dr. Marisa Toomey highlights the potential significance of the study. Click here to read the article.
Creator: University of Michigan Health System
Duration: 5:08
Dr. Jenny Radesky discusses her qualitative interviews with parents of young children about their mobile device use habits, highlighting the 3 main tensions parents expressed. These included: 1) cognitive tensions, feeling “information overload” and difficulties multitasking between tech and children; 2) emotional tensions, including the feeling that the sometimes “intrusive” nature of mobile media makes it more stress-inducing, but also that they seek it as a way self-regulate when stressed with parenting; 3) dyadic tensions, described as discomfort with how mobile device use during family routines seemed to interrupt moments of connection, but also could act as a peacekeeper.Click here to read the article.
Creator: Nanette Gartrell, MD and Dee Mosbacher MD PhD
Duration: 4:01
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Creator: Carolyn E. Ievers-Landis, Ph.D
Duration: 1:09
Associate Editor Carolyn E. Ievers-Landis, Ph.D offers commentary on the subject of tanning and the link to unhealthy weight control behaviors.