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Video Abstract: Interdisciplinary Team Evaluation: An Effective Method for the Diagnostic Assessment of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Video Author: Seattle Children’s Research Institute
Published on: 01.17.2018
Associated with: Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 39(4):271-281, May 2018

Lead author, Jennifer Gerdts, PhD, discusses the rationale for developing a streamlined and efficient interdisciplinary diagnostic evaluation for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) at Seattle Children’s Autism Center (SCAC). Dr. Gerdts compares diagnostic outcomes, follow-up care rates, provider satisfaction, billed time, and reimbursement amounts in interdisciplinary teams to those of more traditional psychology-led and physician-led models. She also suggests benefits of this diagnostic approach for families of children with ASD. Click here to read the article.

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Creator: Kevin Hunter, Thaddaeus Edwards
Duration:
This video describes findings from a randomized controlled trial of Pathways Triple P behavioral parent training intervention. This program was delivered to families receiving child welfare services for child maltreatment. Child outcomes were measured using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL 4.0). Findings indicate significant improvements in child health-related quality of life.
Creator: Chloe Beacham
Duration: 5:34
First-author Chloe Beacham discusses findings from the article “Screening for Autism Spectrum Disorder: Profiles of Children Who Are Missed”. Screening measures such as the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised (M-CHAT-R) and the Ages and Stages Questionnaire, 3rd Edition (ASQ-3) are parent-report questionnaires that target autism symptomatology and broad developmental delays respectively. This study sought to examine the profiles of children with autism spectrum disorder who are missed by these commonly used screening measures and also to build upon the current literature on the benefits of a combined screening approach. Read the article.
Creator: Eric Rubenstein
Duration:
Our goal was to determine whether mothers of advanced maternal age (AMA) were more acutely aware of their child with autism spectrum disorder’s development and whether more experience with the health care system led to quicker autism diagnoses. We used data from the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network or ADDM Network. The ADDM network is a biannual surveillance system that estimates the prevalence of autism in 8-year old children from sites across the US. We found that children of AMA mothers had their first evaluations between 1 and 5 months earlier than children of non-AMA mothers with statistically significantly different patterns in timing. However, once we adjusted for sociodemographic confounders, like maternal education and race, we saw no difference between the two groups. AMA is one sociodemographic factor associated with younger age of first evaluation noting developmental concerns in children with autism. Read the article.
Creator: Helen Koechlin, Carolina Donado, Joe Kossowsky
Duration: 5:16
In our article, we examined data collected by the National Institute of Child Health and Development for the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. This longitudinal cohort followed more than 1,000 children and their families from the child’s birth until the age of 15. Our findings highlight the importance of the context within which a child grows up: not only the family context and the mental health of parents, but also the peer context and friendships are important influences that help decide whether a child develops adjustment problems or not in the face of stressful life events. Read the article.
Creator: Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota
Duration: 4:47
First-author Melissa Engel discusses the longitudinal relationship between somatic complaints, anxiety, and depressive symptoms in a sample of young children at increased familial risk for psychopathology. Maternal psychopathology was found to be a risk factor for somatic complaints. Moreover, somatic complaints at preschool predicted somatic complaints, anxiety, and depression at school-age. Symptoms of internalizing disorders may be evident as early as the preschool years, suggesting the potential utility of early detection and intervention efforts, especially for young children at increased familial risk for internalizing disorders. Pediatric primary care is an ideal setting to integrate preventive efforts. Read the article.
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Duration: 5:12
Pediatricians are one of the most credible professional sources of advice for parents concerning how best to discipline their children. There is now an overwhelming body of scientific evidence that hitting children, even for disciplinary purposes (i.e., spanking or corporal punishment), leads to increased risk of harm to children’s overall health. This study shows that most U.S. pediatricians are aware of this evidence and do not support hitting children for discipline. Pediatricians can play a crucial role in shifting this long-standing, widely held social norm in the U.S. by sharing their views and pointing parents toward alternative forms of discipline. Read the article.
Creator: C. Thomas Lewis, IUPUI School of Informatics and Computing
Duration: 4:34
Lead author, Nerissa Bauer, MD, MPH presents findings of the second randomized controlled trial for TEACH (Tailoring Education for ADHD and Children’s Health), a family intervention delivered over 5 sessions to small groups of children with ADHD and their parents during follow up visits to the clinic. Participants in TEACH reported greater improvements in parental emotional health, child functioning in the home and several quality of life indicators compared to families receiving follow up care as individual visits. Our findings provide ongoing support for further research and refinement of the TEACH intervention. Read the article.
Creator: Suzanne Tough
Duration: 3:00
This study examines risk and protective factors associated with externalizing behavior among 1300 children. We found that moms who faced more mental health challenges when their children were two were more likely to report that their children had externalizing behaviors at age three. Children in daycare, or whose moms participated in community activities, such as story time at the library, were less likely to report externalizing behavior in their children. Opportunities for children to practice their self-regulation skills through structured interactions with same age peers can enhance school readiness and should be made accessible to all families. Read the article.
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Duration: 10:17
This video depicts the rationale for a care coordination intervention using a shared plan of care. It shares an open-ended goal oriented interview with a parent of a child with a developmental disability, reveals how family goals are identified and strategies coproduced to achieve goals. Findings are summarized and recommendations made. Read the article.
Creator: Sarah Kirsch, David Meryash
Duration: 5:41
Sarah Kirsch, lead author, describes a national study of the determinants of parent satisfaction with emergency or urgent care visits by their children with autism spectrum disorder. The researchers found that the factors most associated with parent satisfaction were indicators of the quality of interpersonal and communication skills of the medical and non-medical staff of the facility at which the patients were treated. These were more important, for example, than patient traits, reason for visit, or whether the patient was cooperative. The authors emphasize the importance of autism-specific training for emergency department staff to maximizing satisfaction with care. Read the article.
Creator: Dr. Annis Fung, Mr. Toney Lee
Duration: 9:14
Researchers from City University of Hong Kong examined the effectiveness of Chinese martial arts in reducing reactive and proactive aggression among schoolchildren with a longitudinal, placebo-controlled design. The intervention was developed based on the social-information processing model. 298 out of 3,511 schoolchildren were randomly assigned to one of four training conditions (Skills-and-Philosophy condition, Skills-only condition, Philosophy-only condition, Physical Fitness condition). Only the combined Skills-and-Philosophy condition showed a significant reduction in self-ratings of reactive and proactive aggression, delinquent behavior, anxious/depressed problems, and attention problems at post-test and/or 6-month follow-up. This provides important information for helping professionals to design non-labelling and effective intervention for high-risk schoolchildren to reduce reactive and proactive aggression. Read the article.
Creator: Pascal Burger
Duration: 3:44
We examined how the level and concordance of non-responsive feeding practices between mothers and fathers are associated with child fussy eating in a sample of socioeconomically disadvantaged families. Cohabiting mother-father pairs from the ‘Mums and Dads (MAD) for Mealtimes’ study reported on their non-responsive feeding practices (persuasive feeding, reward for eating and reward for behaviour) and their preschool-aged child’s fussy eating (i.e., picky eating). Less child fussy eating was reported when parents were concordant in avoiding non-responsive feeding practices. Our results highlight the need to use a whole-family approach in research and interventions to address fussy eating. Read the article.
Creator: Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center
Duration: 4:12
Lead author, Julia Anixt, MD presents findings from a research study evaluating the types of challenging behaviors parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) prioritize for treatment during Developmental Behavioral Pediatric (DBP) clinic visits. This study explores how much shared decision making (SDM) occurs during “usual care” DBP clinic visits, how often parent priorities are addressed in the treatment plan, and how often parents feel uncertain about the decision of whether to use medication to treat their children’s challenging behaviors. Read the article.
Creator: Veni Kandasamy; Krysten Carrera (HRSA's Maternal and Child Health Bureau); Milton Thomas (HRSA's Office of the Administrator)
Duration: 2:34
This is a video abstract for the Parental Perception of Flourishing in School-Aged Children: 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health manuscript. We discuss what flourishing in children is and its importance. We also discuss our data source, HRSA's National Survey of Children's Health. Our study findings that approximately half of school-aged children were found to be flourishing and that differences by sociodemographic factors in the likelihood of flourishing were reduced with the inclusion of environmental factors are also described. We close with next steps and areas for further study in flourishing. Read the article.
Creator: Carol Strong & Meng-Che Tsai
Duration: 5:25
This video is a quick summary of the paper, “Adolescent Internet Use, Social Integration, and Depressive Symptoms: Analysis from a Longitudinal Cohort Survey.” It examined the association between adolescent leisure-time internet use and social connection in the school context, and how this association affects later depressive symptoms among adolescents in Taiwan. The results highlighted the needs for stakeholders of adolescent health to carefully assess adolescents’ social networking and mental well-being. Read the article.
Creator: Jenny Radesky
Duration: 3:16
Jenny Radesky discusses new research on parent mobile device use and parent-child relationships. Her study used the Working Model of the Child Interview (WMCI) to assess maternal mental representations of her child's emotions and experiences, and studied associations with how frequently mothers spontaneously used their mobile devices during videotaped parent-child eating encounters. Read the article.
Creator: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Duration: 4:18
Researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) used parent-reported data from national studies in 2007 and 2011 to understand how having Tourette syndrome and other conditions affect how children do in school, like repeating a grade, school problems, or needing special services. Having other conditions along with Tourette Syndrome was related to having difficulty in school and needing educational services. This is important information for healthcare providers, teachers and parents. Being aware of the potential challenges related to both Tourette syndrome and other conditions can help them to best support the child’s education. For further information on CDC’s research in this area, visit: www.cdc.gov/tourette.Read the article.
Creator: Rutgers University
Duration: 5:00
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Creator: Seattle Children’s Research Institute
Duration: 6:36
Lead author, Jennifer Gerdts, PhD, discusses the rationale for developing a streamlined and efficient interdisciplinary diagnostic evaluation for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) at Seattle Children’s Autism Center (SCAC). Dr. Gerdts compares diagnostic outcomes, follow-up care rates, provider satisfaction, billed time, and reimbursement amounts in interdisciplinary teams to those of more traditional psychology-led and physician-led models. She also suggests benefits of this diagnostic approach for families of children with ASD. Click here to read the article.
Creator: Walter Zahorodny and Justin Smith
Duration: 8:21
This video is a brief summary of the article, "Preliminary Evaluation of a Brief Autism Screener for Young Children." It provides the reasons for undertaking development of a new parent report tool and describes the methodology and initial data assessing the usefulness of the PDQ-1, a brief Autism screener for toddler-age children. Click here to read the article.



Creator: Kevin Hunter, Thaddaeus Edwards
Duration:
This video describes findings from a randomized controlled trial of Pathways Triple P behavioral parent training intervention. This program was delivered to families receiving child welfare services for child maltreatment. Child outcomes were measured using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL 4.0). Findings indicate significant improvements in child health-related quality of life.
Creator: Chloe Beacham
Duration: 5:34
First-author Chloe Beacham discusses findings from the article “Screening for Autism Spectrum Disorder: Profiles of Children Who Are Missed”. Screening measures such as the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised (M-CHAT-R) and the Ages and Stages Questionnaire, 3rd Edition (ASQ-3) are parent-report questionnaires that target autism symptomatology and broad developmental delays respectively. This study sought to examine the profiles of children with autism spectrum disorder who are missed by these commonly used screening measures and also to build upon the current literature on the benefits of a combined screening approach. Read the article.
Creator: Helen Koechlin, Carolina Donado, Joe Kossowsky
Duration: 5:16
In our article, we examined data collected by the National Institute of Child Health and Development for the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. This longitudinal cohort followed more than 1,000 children and their families from the child’s birth until the age of 15. Our findings highlight the importance of the context within which a child grows up: not only the family context and the mental health of parents, but also the peer context and friendships are important influences that help decide whether a child develops adjustment problems or not in the face of stressful life events. Read the article.
Creator: Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota
Duration: 4:47
First-author Melissa Engel discusses the longitudinal relationship between somatic complaints, anxiety, and depressive symptoms in a sample of young children at increased familial risk for psychopathology. Maternal psychopathology was found to be a risk factor for somatic complaints. Moreover, somatic complaints at preschool predicted somatic complaints, anxiety, and depression at school-age. Symptoms of internalizing disorders may be evident as early as the preschool years, suggesting the potential utility of early detection and intervention efforts, especially for young children at increased familial risk for internalizing disorders. Pediatric primary care is an ideal setting to integrate preventive efforts. Read the article.
Creator: Catherine A. Taylor and Ken Tyrolf
Duration: 5:12
Pediatricians are one of the most credible professional sources of advice for parents concerning how best to discipline their children. There is now an overwhelming body of scientific evidence that hitting children, even for disciplinary purposes (i.e., spanking or corporal punishment), leads to increased risk of harm to children’s overall health. This study shows that most U.S. pediatricians are aware of this evidence and do not support hitting children for discipline. Pediatricians can play a crucial role in shifting this long-standing, widely held social norm in the U.S. by sharing their views and pointing parents toward alternative forms of discipline. Read the article.
Creator: C. Thomas Lewis, IUPUI School of Informatics and Computing
Duration: 4:34
Lead author, Nerissa Bauer, MD, MPH presents findings of the second randomized controlled trial for TEACH (Tailoring Education for ADHD and Children’s Health), a family intervention delivered over 5 sessions to small groups of children with ADHD and their parents during follow up visits to the clinic. Participants in TEACH reported greater improvements in parental emotional health, child functioning in the home and several quality of life indicators compared to families receiving follow up care as individual visits. Our findings provide ongoing support for further research and refinement of the TEACH intervention. Read the article.
Creator: Suzanne Tough
Duration: 3:00
This study examines risk and protective factors associated with externalizing behavior among 1300 children. We found that moms who faced more mental health challenges when their children were two were more likely to report that their children had externalizing behaviors at age three. Children in daycare, or whose moms participated in community activities, such as story time at the library, were less likely to report externalizing behavior in their children. Opportunities for children to practice their self-regulation skills through structured interactions with same age peers can enhance school readiness and should be made accessible to all families. Read the article.
Creator: Dr. Annis Fung, Mr. Toney Lee
Duration: 9:14
Researchers from City University of Hong Kong examined the effectiveness of Chinese martial arts in reducing reactive and proactive aggression among schoolchildren with a longitudinal, placebo-controlled design. The intervention was developed based on the social-information processing model. 298 out of 3,511 schoolchildren were randomly assigned to one of four training conditions (Skills-and-Philosophy condition, Skills-only condition, Philosophy-only condition, Physical Fitness condition). Only the combined Skills-and-Philosophy condition showed a significant reduction in self-ratings of reactive and proactive aggression, delinquent behavior, anxious/depressed problems, and attention problems at post-test and/or 6-month follow-up. This provides important information for helping professionals to design non-labelling and effective intervention for high-risk schoolchildren to reduce reactive and proactive aggression. Read the article.
Creator: Pascal Burger
Duration: 3:44
We examined how the level and concordance of non-responsive feeding practices between mothers and fathers are associated with child fussy eating in a sample of socioeconomically disadvantaged families. Cohabiting mother-father pairs from the ‘Mums and Dads (MAD) for Mealtimes’ study reported on their non-responsive feeding practices (persuasive feeding, reward for eating and reward for behaviour) and their preschool-aged child’s fussy eating (i.e., picky eating). Less child fussy eating was reported when parents were concordant in avoiding non-responsive feeding practices. Our results highlight the need to use a whole-family approach in research and interventions to address fussy eating. Read the article.
Creator: Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center
Duration: 4:12
Lead author, Julia Anixt, MD presents findings from a research study evaluating the types of challenging behaviors parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) prioritize for treatment during Developmental Behavioral Pediatric (DBP) clinic visits. This study explores how much shared decision making (SDM) occurs during “usual care” DBP clinic visits, how often parent priorities are addressed in the treatment plan, and how often parents feel uncertain about the decision of whether to use medication to treat their children’s challenging behaviors. Read the article.
Creator: Veni Kandasamy; Krysten Carrera (HRSA's Maternal and Child Health Bureau); Milton Thomas (HRSA's Office of the Administrator)
Duration: 2:34
This is a video abstract for the Parental Perception of Flourishing in School-Aged Children: 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health manuscript. We discuss what flourishing in children is and its importance. We also discuss our data source, HRSA's National Survey of Children's Health. Our study findings that approximately half of school-aged children were found to be flourishing and that differences by sociodemographic factors in the likelihood of flourishing were reduced with the inclusion of environmental factors are also described. We close with next steps and areas for further study in flourishing. Read the article.
Creator: Carol Strong & Meng-Che Tsai
Duration: 5:25
This video is a quick summary of the paper, “Adolescent Internet Use, Social Integration, and Depressive Symptoms: Analysis from a Longitudinal Cohort Survey.” It examined the association between adolescent leisure-time internet use and social connection in the school context, and how this association affects later depressive symptoms among adolescents in Taiwan. The results highlighted the needs for stakeholders of adolescent health to carefully assess adolescents’ social networking and mental well-being. Read the article.
Creator: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Duration: 4:18
Researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) used parent-reported data from national studies in 2007 and 2011 to understand how having Tourette syndrome and other conditions affect how children do in school, like repeating a grade, school problems, or needing special services. Having other conditions along with Tourette Syndrome was related to having difficulty in school and needing educational services. This is important information for healthcare providers, teachers and parents. Being aware of the potential challenges related to both Tourette syndrome and other conditions can help them to best support the child’s education. For further information on CDC’s research in this area, visit: www.cdc.gov/tourette.Read the article.
Creator: Seattle Children’s Research Institute
Duration: 6:36
Lead author, Jennifer Gerdts, PhD, discusses the rationale for developing a streamlined and efficient interdisciplinary diagnostic evaluation for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) at Seattle Children’s Autism Center (SCAC). Dr. Gerdts compares diagnostic outcomes, follow-up care rates, provider satisfaction, billed time, and reimbursement amounts in interdisciplinary teams to those of more traditional psychology-led and physician-led models. She also suggests benefits of this diagnostic approach for families of children with ASD. Click here to read the article.
Creator: Walter Zahorodny and Justin Smith
Duration: 8:21
This video is a brief summary of the article, "Preliminary Evaluation of a Brief Autism Screener for Young Children." It provides the reasons for undertaking development of a new parent report tool and describes the methodology and initial data assessing the usefulness of the PDQ-1, a brief Autism screener for toddler-age children. Click here to read the article.
Creator: University of Maryland
Duration: 3:17
During toddlerhood, children establish regular sleep patterns, with night awakenings followed by returning to sleep without parental intervention. However, some toddlers experience frequent night awakenings and may require parental intervention to return to sleep. Co-sleeping, meaning sharing the same bed or same room, occurs among many families with toddlers. We found that when parents perceive that their toddler has a sleep problem and they co-sleep, mothers lose almost one hour of sleep and report increased symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety. Practitioners might consider alternatives to co-sleeping when discussing sleep arrangements with parents.Read the article
Creator: University of Maryland School of Pharmacy
Duration: 5:28
The video abstract highlights the significance and innovation of the research on caregiver preferences for outcomes in youth with mental health multimorbidity. Outcomes were identified in partnership with caregivers to include the range of outcome domains beyond clinical factors that are relevant when making treatment decisions. Best-Worst Scaling is a preference elicitation method where caregivers jointly considered multiple attributes related to treatment outcomes and selected the one most important to them, much as they do real life decisions. This work moves beyond a sole focus on disease-specific outcomes, and provides insight into the outcome priorities that influence treatment decisions. Click here to read the article.
Creator: Melissa Bright, Lindsay Thompson
Duration: 3:22
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and physical, mental, and developmental health conditions Video Creator: Christopher Gomez, University of Florida. Read the article
Creator: Megan Narad, Jessica King
Duration:
We report on the rate need for academic services and academic service utilization among a cohort of children who sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) between the ages of 3 and 7 years old, as they transitioned to middle school, approximately 6.8 years after injury. Findings show the need for services among students with a history TBI remains high even years after injury. Rates of unmet need were high across all injury groups (46.2%-63.6%), underscoring the importance of continued monitoring of students with a history of TBI, especially children with less severe injuries who are at risk for being underserved. Read the article
Creator: Natacha Akshoomoff, Ph.D.
Duration: 3:56
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Creator: Joe Speer & Chelsey Grasso
Duration: 5:12
We analyzed cross-sectional data from the National Health Interview Survey 2014-2015 to explore the relationship between parental psychological distress and food insecurity by parental status (mothers/fathers). We found that food insecurity was independently associated withserious psychological distress (SPD) among both parents, with this association being especially strong in fathers, who were over four times more likely to have (SPD) if they were food insecure versus food secure. Findings suggest we need to improve screening and treatment for serious mental illness among food insecure parents by targeting both parents to mitigate the adverse effects of parental distress on children’s development. Click here to read the article.
Creator: Wilko Duprez
Duration: 4:51
This longitudinal study assessed the intellectual, academic and executive functioning skills of children diagnosed with ADHD at diagnosis and four years later. Intellectual function was stable over the four-year interval. Reliable change analyses highlighted variability in academic performance, with half the children showing performance declines in at least one academic subject. Executive functions followed a generally stable or improving course. There was some evidence of better neurocognitive performance in those with partial symptom remission at follow up, however early cognitive functioning did not predict symptom outcome over time. Findings emphasize the importance of monitoring academic performance in children with ADHD. Click here to read the article.
Creator: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Duration: 5:51
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Creator: Corinna Jenkins Tucker, Ph.D., C.F.L.E.
Duration: 5:25
This video is a brief summary of the paper, “Victimization by Siblings in Children with Disability or Weight Problems”. Using a national probability sample and controlling for other forms of maltreatment and individual and family characteristics, analyses showed that children with a physical disability and parent-perceived children who are thinner than average and children who are overweight experienced more sibling victimization. Children with an internalizing disorder experienced less sibling victimization. This the first study to highlight the importance of screening for sibling victimization in families of children with a disability and/or non-normative weight status. Click here to read the article.
Creator: Clinton Vadnais, Media Specialist, Baystate Medical Center
Duration: 4:38
We describe a qualitative study of breastfeeding women designed to better understand the decision-making process women undergo regarding infant feeding over time. We conducted interviews at 2 weeks and follow-up interviews at 6 months postpartum. We used the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) as a framework for understanding the decision-making process. We found that themes related to perceived insufficient milk supply were strongly related to the perceived behavioral control component of the TPB and that these themes evolved over time. We discuss the clinical implications of these findings with respect to promotion of exclusive breastfeeding and maternal perceptions of control. Click here to read the article.
Creator: Elise Fallucco, MD
Duration: 4:35
This video is a brief summary of the study, "The Brief Early Childhood Screening Assessment: Preliminary Validity in Pediatric Primary Care". It describes the importance of early identification of behavioral and emotional problems in young children, and highlights the development and validation of the Brief ECSA which is a screening instrument used to identify these problems. Click here to read the article.
Creator: University of Michigan Health System
Duration: 5:08
Dr. Jenny Radesky discusses her qualitative interviews with parents of young children about their mobile device use habits, highlighting the 3 main tensions parents expressed. These included: 1) cognitive tensions, feeling “information overload” and difficulties multitasking between tech and children; 2) emotional tensions, including the feeling that the sometimes “intrusive” nature of mobile media makes it more stress-inducing, but also that they seek it as a way self-regulate when stressed with parenting; 3) dyadic tensions, described as discomfort with how mobile device use during family routines seemed to interrupt moments of connection, but also could act as a peacekeeper.Click here to read the article.
Creator: Nanette Gartrell, MD and Dee Mosbacher MD PhD
Duration: 4:01
Using the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children’s Health dataset, we compared spouse/partner relationships and parent-child relationships (family relationships), parenting stress, and children’s general health, emotional difficulties, coping behavior, and learning behavior (child outcomes) in households of same-sex (female) versus different-sex continuously coupled parents with biological offspring. We assessed whether associations among family relationships, parenting stress, and child outcomes were different in the two household types. We found that children with female same-sex parents and different-sex parents demonstrated no differences in outcomes, despite female same-sex parents reporting more parenting stress. Click here to read the article.
Creator: Deborah Christensen, PhD
Duration: 5:58
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Creator: Carolyn E. Ievers-Landis, Ph.D
Duration: 1:09
Associate Editor Carolyn E. Ievers-Landis, Ph.D offers commentary on the subject of tanning and the link to unhealthy weight control behaviors.