Secondary Logo

Journal Logo

Video Gallery

Video Abstract: Preliminary Evaluation of a Brief Autism Screener for Young Children

Video Author: Walter Zahorodny and Justin Smith
Published on: 01.05.2018
Associated with: Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 39(3):183-191, April 2018

This video is a brief summary of the article, "Preliminary Evaluation of a Brief Autism Screener for Young Children." It provides the reasons for undertaking development of a new parent report tool and describes the methodology and initial data assessing the usefulness of the PDQ-1, a brief Autism screener for toddler-age children. Click here to read the article.

  Official Journal of the
Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
The journal is a benefit of membership. For membership information, click here.
All Videos
Most Viewed
Most Emailed

Creator: Lindsay Olson
Duration: 4:49
Video DescriptionNote: This description is indexed by the journal search engine, please be as descriptive as possible; can accept HTML if sponsor wants to place a logo or image file Socioeconomic factors account for variability in language skills in preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders
Creator: Kate Wallis, MD, MPH
Duration: 4:43
We describe our study that investigated referrals made in response to a positive developmental screen in primary care pediatrics. We asked whether disparities exist in which referrals are made or if referral varied by sex or among children from different racial, ethnic, and income backgrounds. Using data on screening and referral from the large primary care network at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, which screens children at 15, 18, 24 and 30 month visits with the survey of wellbeing in young children (SWYC), we found that 43% of children were not referred to early intervention after a positive screen.
Creator: Hikmat Chmait
Duration: 4:41
Twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) is a severe pregnancy complication of monochorionic twins that results in discordant in utero environments for each genetically identical twin. The aim of this study was to test for differences in temperament between former donor and recipient twins. Parents of dual twin survivors aged 3-7 years who underwent in utero laser surgery for TTTS were surveyed using the Very Short Form of the Child Behavioral Questionnaire (VSF-CBQ). There were no statistically significant differences between the twins. Despite varied in utero environments, no temperament differences between donor/recipient twins were found for the population as a whole.
Creator: Christine Drew
Duration: 4:56
We used semi-structured qualitative interviews with parents and service providers to better understand the barriers parents experience when obtaining services for their children with disabilities though state programs. We found that parents experienced emotional and system navigation barriers. Service providers reported that parents lacked information about services and that the process was arduous. Parents also reported barriers once services were initiated such as finding qualified personal support workers and the burdensome paperwork required. We created a solutions toolkit for the state and other organizations to undertake to increase consumer satisfaction and uptake of these life changing services for families.
Creator: Jesse L. Coe
Duration: 4:27
This study evaluated the intergenerational indirect effects of maternal childhood experiences on infant development through maternal scaffolding behaviors. Participants included 295 low-income mothers and their infants who were assessed prenatally and at 6 and 12 months postpartum. Results indicated that mothers who perceived their own mothers as highly supportive in childhood were more likely to engage in scaffolding behaviors with their infants, who in turn made greater developmental progress (e.g., showed less risk for developmental delay) at 12 months postpartum. Maternal adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) were not associated with parenting or infant developmental progress.
Creator: Jennifer A. Mautone, PhD, ABPP
Duration: 4:04
This video provides an overview of our recent study focused on a strengths-based approach to behavioral health screening in pediatric primary care.
Creator: Karli V. Treyvaud et al & NHMRC Centre of Research Excellence in Newborn Medicine
Duration: 4:50
Discussion of a research study examining post-traumatic stress symptoms of mothers and fathers across the first two years after the very preterm birth of their child. Mothers and fathers completed questionnaires at three time points, and we assessed change in post-traumatic stress symptoms over time as well as whether medical or social risk factors were associated with symptoms. Implications for future predictive research and clinical support are discussed.
Creator: Rachael Coakley, PhD, Carolina Donado, PhD
Duration: 7:18
This study evaluates differences in how mothers and fathers perceive and respond to their adolescents’ chronic pain before and after The Comfort Ability Program (CAP), a one-day cognitive-behavioral intervention. Our research findings suggest that mothers and fathers have different thoughts and responses to their adolescents’ pain at baseline. Participating in CAP may help to align their thinking and promote more adaptive parent responses, reinforcing the value of including both parents in pediatric treatment for chronic pain. For more information about the program, please visit:
Creator: Robert Eves
Duration: 4:59
Adults born preterm are at risk of attention problems. However, it is currently unclear as to why these problems come about. In this study of two prospective longitudinal cohorts, the BLS and EPICure, the attention problems and potential predictive factors of preterms and controls were assessed. Results highlighted the roles of executive functioning and general cognitive functioning in why preterms display more attention problems than controls, an important finding for potential interventions. Additionally, it highlighted the disparity between self-report, parent-report and experimenter ratings for attention problems with evidence that preterms do not believe themselves to have problems with attention
Creator: Rachel Morgan and Linda Prudente
Duration: 4:30
School-age children with ADHD participated in an 8-week after-school Tai-Chi that showed robust reductions in core ADHD symptoms of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention after the mindful movement training. Reductions were also seen in associated features including emotion dysregulation and symptoms of ODD. These children also showed robust improvements on an objective assessment of developmental motor control, and these objective improvements in motor control were significantly associated with improvements in subjective parent ratings of ADHD behavior. This suggests that motor control may be a biomarker that could be targeted by the mindful movement intervention to improve behavior in children with ADHD.
Creator: Marissa E. Yingling, PhD, MSW
Duration: 7:49
This video illustrates a study that assessed progress of the Healthy People 2020 objective to increase the proportion of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who receive treatment by 48 months old and that examined the relationship between predisposing, enabling, and need factors and age of initial treatment receipt. Authors used data from the National Survey of Children’s Health, 2016-2017 (N=1333). The HP2020 objective to enroll 57.6% of 8-year-old children with ASD in treatment by 48 months old was not met (40.9%). Findings indicate social inequities and significant differences by provider type and state mandate.
Creator: Libby Matile Milkovich
Duration: 3:08
Phones interrupt in-person interactions. Problematic phone users likely have increased interruptions due to their addiction-like behaviors towards their phones. Child behavior can reflect the quality of in-person, caregiver-child interactions. To explore child behavior and caregiver problematic phone use, we surveyed caregivers of children about their problematic phone use and their perception of their child’s mealtime behavior. Higher ratings of child problematic mealtime behavior were associated with higher symptoms of caregiver problematic phone use. Although the study does not show causality, caregiver-child interactions are bidirectional thus possibly allowing for future child problematic behavioral interventions to address caregiver problematic phone use.
Creator: Christina Buysse, MD and Susanne Martin-Herz, MD, PhD
Duration: 5:00
This video describes the methods and findings of the Rapid Developmental Evaluation (RDE) model, a co-located Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics (DBP) program within a primary care pediatrics Federally Qualified Health Center. Results of the project suggest that co location of developmental-behavioral pediatricians in pediatric primary care clinics can provide high quality DBP care, decrease time to first developmental assessment, and decrease time to referral for Early Intervention services. It is also well-received by primary care clinicians and enables many families to access specialty care in their medical home without traveling to tertiary referral centers.
Creator: Gerald Giesbrecht and Lianne Tomfohr-Madsen
Duration: 3:29
Video abstract for Parental use of “cry out” in a community sample during the first year of infant life, where we discuss associations between using delayed response to crying and associations with infant-maternal attachment and maternal sensitivity.
Creator: Eunju Lee and Catherine Kramer
Duration: 4:00
This video explains kinship care and describes a study on the well-being of children in informal kinship care. Survey data were matched with child welfare administrative records. Findings indicate that 75% of children had known involvement with Child Protective Services (CPS). Higher numbers of CPS cases were associated with both poorer physical and emotional health outcomes. The authors argue for better recognition of the trauma and the unmet health care needs of these children. The pediatric community should be aware that children raised by kin without a parent have an increased risk for mental health issues.
Creator: Joseph Smith
Duration: 5:12
CDC’s Dr. Lisa Wiggins discusses research findings on wandering among preschool children with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD) from the Study to Explore Early Development, or SEED. SEED is currently the largest study in the United States to help identify factors that may put children at risk for ASD and other developmental disabilities.
Creator: Samantha Schilling, MD
Duration: 5:05
The efficacy of the group parenting program, Child Adult Relationship Enhancement in Primary-Care (PriCARE), in improving behavior in primary-care patients whose parents had identified a concern for behavior problems was previously demonstrated. In this second RCT, pre-existing behavioral problems were not required for participation, and the efficacy of a peer mentor on improving PriCARE attendance was also evaluated. Both positive parenting (measured by the Parenting Scale), and child behavior (measured by the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory-ECBI) improved in the treatment arms, even though the majority of children had subclinical ECBI scores at baseline. The peer mentor did not impact attendance.
Creator: Yael Dvir, MD
Duration: 4:42
Our video abstract previews our paper on psychiatric symptoms, prevalence, co-occurrence and functioning among extremely low gestational age newborns at age ten years. We review the study’s objectives, with focus on importance, new information presented, as well as clinical applicability and clinical and research implications.
Creator: Pinar Zengin Akkus
Duration: 4:06
Management of phenylketonuria (PKU) was reported to be time consuming and burdensome for caregivers. This study explored the experiences of families caring for a child with phenylketonuria/mild hyperphenylalaninemia in a country with a high PKU rate. Moreover, the factors associated with parental psychological well-being were highlighted. Read the article.
Creator: Thi-Nhu-Ngoc Nguyen
Duration: 4:12
Children born preterm are at high risk of multiple developmental impairments, including language difficulties across childhood. However, it is unclear as to which biological and socio-environmental factors are reliable predictors of poorer language development, and how the influence of these factors change across childhood in preterm children. This study examined the individual and collective contribution of biological and socioenvironmental factors on language development in a prospective, longitudinal cohort of preterm children (born< 30 weeks' gestation). Results highlight the important and increasing influence of socio-environmental factors on language functioning in preterm children from 2 to 13 years, and points to an important focus on targeting more malleable factors such as parenting behavior and parent education to boost and support preterm children's development. Read the article.