Video Abstract: Predictors of Stimulant Medication Continuity in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Video Author:Kelly Kamimura-Nishimura

Published on:March 22, 2022

This study examines the simultaneous impact of patient, parent, and healthcare system factors on ADHD medication continuity. 84% of the children had at least 1 filled prescription, and a weaker perceived clinician-family working alliance predicted not filling any prescriptions. Factors linked to fewer days of medication coverage included non-White race, older age, being female, lower income, lower parent beliefs that ADHD affects their lives, and higher parent beliefs that medication is harmful, while child ODD and parental ADHD predicted better medication coverage. These findings may facilitate development of strategies to improve medication continuity for diverse children.