Dr. Annis Fung, Mr. Toney Lee
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 39(5):404-414, June 2018
Researchers from City University of Hong Kong examined the effectiveness of Chinese martial arts in reducing reactive and proactive aggression among schoolchildren with a longitudinal, placebo-controlled design. The intervention was developed based on the social-information processing model. 298 out of 3,511 schoolchildren were randomly assigned to one of four training conditions (Skills-and-Philosophy condition, Skills-only condition, Philosophy-only condition, Physical Fitness condition). Only the combined Skills-and-Philosophy condition showed a significant reduction in self-ratings of reactive and proactive aggression, delinquent behavior, anxious/depressed problems, and attention problems at post-test and/or 6-month follow-up. This provides important information for helping professionals to design non-labelling and effective intervention for high-risk schoolchildren to reduce reactive and proactive aggression. Read the article.