Video Abstract: The Adaptation of the Measure of Processes of Care (MPOC-20) for the Evaluation of Family Centeredness of Services in India

Video Author:Roopa Srinivasan

Published on:August 13, 2021

This study aims to (1) adapt the Measure of Processes of Care (MPOC-20) for use in India and (2) evaluate family-centered services for children with disabilities and their caregivers in an urban Indian context. Methods: In this cross-sectional observational study, we translated the MPOC-20 into Hindi. Caregivers of children diagnosed with developmental disabilities who read and/or understood Hindi and had received services for ≥6 months were recruited. The psychometric properties of the Hindi MPOC-20 were assessed using factor analysis followed by reliability analyses. The Hindi MPOC-20 was used to assess caregiver perceptions about the family-centeredness of services delivered between October 2016 and February 2017 at Ummeed Child Development Center. Results: Of the 170 eligible children, 141 (83%) comprised the study sample. Most were boys (66%) with a median age of 67 months. Factor analyses yielded a 4-factor scale with items loading differently from the original measure. The resulting Hindi MPOC-20 had acceptable to good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha of scales: 0.71–0.86). On the Hindi MPOC-20, Respectful and Coordinated Care, Enabling Partnership and Providing Specific Information were identified as strengths and Providing General Information as a relative limitation of the service by caregivers across different income and education groups. Conclusion: The Hindi MPOC-20 shows acceptable psychometric properties for use with caregivers of children with disabilities in India. The availability of Hindi MPOC-20 paves the way for the assessment of the family-centeredness of services in India and provides a roadmap for adaptations in other low- and middle-income countries.