Special ArticleAutism Spectrum Disorder, Extremism, and the Role of Developmental-Behavioral Pediatric CliniciansSoares, Neelkamal MD*; Allely, Clare S. PhD†; Straub, Frank PhD‡; Penner, Melanie MD§ Author Information *Division of Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics, Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Western Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine, Kalamazoo, MI; †Department of Psychology, School of Health and Society, University of Salford, Manchester, England; ‡Center for Mass Violence Response Studies, National Police Foundation, Arlington, VA; and §Bloorview Research Institute, Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Address for reprints: Neelkamal Soares, MD, 1000 Oakland Drive, Kalamazoo, MI; e-mail: [email protected]. M. Penner is funded by a New Frontiers in Research Grant to examine a link between autism and radical online communities. Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest. Clinical Trial Registry: Not applicable. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics 43(8):p 480-488, October/November 2022. | DOI: 10.1097/DBP.0000000000001108 Buy Metrics Abstract Extremism is a global phenomenon, with an increasing domestic and international presence. Extremists recruit persons to their causes through online forums that spread hate-filled narratives and promote violence. Individuals with autism spectrum disorder may be vulnerable to recruitment through these online forums, and clinicians who work with autistic adolescents, young adults, and their families should familiarize themselves with the risk and identify strategies based on a multidisciplinary approach in the early identification, holistic prevention, and care-based intervention strategies of at-risk adolescents. This special article, representing an international collaboration between developmental-behavioral pediatrics, law enforcement, and psychology, hopes to shed light on the issue for clinicians. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.