Original ArticleRacial and Ethnic Disparities in Autism-Related Health and Educational ServicesBilaver, Lucy A. PhD*; Havlicek, Judy PhD†Author Information *Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL; †School of Social Work, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL. Address for reprints: Lucy A. Bilaver, PhD, Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 633 N St. Clair, 20th floor, Chicago, IL 60611; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest. Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's website (www.jdbp.org). Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics: September 2019 - Volume 40 - Issue 7 - p 501-510 doi: 10.1097/DBP.0000000000000700 Buy SDC Metrics AbstractIn Brief Objective: The objective of this study is to measure racial and ethnic disparities in autism-related services among U.S. children with parent-reported autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods: Using the 2011 Survey of Pathways to Diagnosis and Services, we analyzed parent-reported data on 1420 children with current ASD in the nationally representative sample. An estimation method consistent with the Institute of Medicine's definition of health care disparities is used to measure racial and ethnic disparities. Results: The findings revealed Latino-white disparities in the percentage of children currently using school-based occupational and physical therapy and Latino-white and “other race”-white disparities in the percentage of children using physical therapy outside of school. There were no statistically significant black-white disparities. Instead, the study found that the percentage of black children with ASD receiving school-based services was 8 points higher than that of white children (p < 0.04). Factors unrelated to the need for autism services were largely unassociated with the receipt of services. Conclusion: The findings provide a partial baseline and identify a need for further examination of the source of existing disparities and the lack of disparities found for specific services and minority groups. This article has supplementary material on the web site: www.jdbp.org. Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.