Original ArticlesSocial Competence in Childhood Brain Tumor Survivors: Feasibility and Preliminary Outcomes of a Peer-Mediated InterventionDevine, Katie A. PhD, MPH*; Bukowski, William M. PhD†; Sahler, Olle Jane Z. MD‡; Ohman-Strickland, Pamela PhD§; Smith, Tristram H. PhD‡; Lown, E. Anne DrPH‖; Patenaude, Andrea Farkas PhD¶; Korones, David N. MD‡; Noll, Robert B. PhD**Author Information *Department of Medicine, Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ; †Department of Psychology, Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada; ‡Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY; §School of Public Health, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ; ‖Department of Social Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA; ¶Department of Psychiatry, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA; **Department of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. Address for reprints: Robert B. Noll, PhD, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. This work was funded by St. Baldrick's Foundation. The first author was also supported by grants from the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health (K07CA174728 & P30CA072720). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. Disclosure: The authors declare no conflicts of interest. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics: July/August 2016 - Volume 37 - Issue 6 - p 475-482 doi: 10.1097/DBP.0000000000000315 Buy Metrics Abstract Objective: Evaluate the acceptability, feasibility, and preliminary outcomes of a peer-mediated intervention to improve social competence of brain tumor survivors and classmates. Method: Twelve childhood brain tumor survivors and 217 classroom peers in intervention (n = 8) or comparison (n = 4) classrooms completed measures of social acceptance and reputation at 2 time points in the year. The intervention (5–8 sessions over 4–6 weeks) taught peer leaders skills for engaging classmates. Individual and classroom outcomes were analyzed with analysis of covariance. Results: Recruitment rates of families of brain tumor survivors (81%) and schools (100%) were adequate. Peer leaders reported satisfaction with the intervention. Preliminary outcome data trended toward some benefit in increasing the number of friend nominations for survivors of brain tumors but no changes in other peer-reported metrics. Preliminary results also suggested some positive effects on classroom levels of victimization and rejection. Conclusion: A peer-mediated intervention was acceptable to families of brain tumor survivors and feasible to implement in schools. Findings warrant a larger trial to evaluate improvements for children with brain tumors and their peers. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.