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Parenting Style, Parenting Stress, and Children's Health-Related Behaviors

Park, Hyunjeong PhD; Walton-Moss, Benita DNS

Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics: July/August 2012 - Volume 33 - Issue 6 - p 495–503
doi: 10.1097/DBP.0b013e318258bdb8
Original Articles

Objective: Parental guidance is critical to the development of children's health-related behaviors. The purpose of this study was to look at the relationship between parenting factors, including parenting style and parenting stress, and children's health-related behaviors. Methods: In this descriptive, correlational study, 284 parents of preschool children were interviewed using the Child Rearing Questionnaire and the Korean Parenting Stress Index-Short Form. Results: Parent distress, authoritative and permissive parenting styles, family income, and mother's education were significantly associated with children's health-related behaviors. Conclusions: These findings suggest that higher levels of warmth, characteristics of both parenting styles, may be a critical factor in the development of health-related behaviors.

From the School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.

Received November 2011; accepted April 2012.

This investigation was supported by a grant from the Catholic Medical Center Research Foundation made in the program year of 2009.

Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Address for reprints: Hyunjeong Park, PhD, The Johns Hopkins University, School of Nursing, 525 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205; e-mail:

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.