Intuitively and efficiently controlling multiple degrees of freedom is a major hurdle in the field of upper-limb prosthetics. A virtual reality myoelectric transhumeral prosthesis simulator has been developed for cost-effectively testing novel control algorithms and devices. The system acquires EMG commands and residual limb kinematics, simulates the prosthesis dynamics, and displays the combined residual limb and prosthesis movements in a virtual reality environment that includes force-based interactions with virtual objects. The virtual reality prosthesis simulator was shown in testing to be a promising tool for developing and evaluating control methods, prototyping novel prostheses, and training amputees.
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