Secondary Logo

Journal Logo

Self-Assessment Examination


JPO Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics: January 2006 - Volume 18 - Issue 1 - p 15-16
  • Free


  1. Read the article on pages 8–14.
  2. Complete the examination.
  3. Submit your completed examination to the AAOP per the directions on the next page.


The following questions require short answers only; you do not have to use complete sentences. All questions refer to the article: “Orthotic Treatment of Degenerative Disk Disease with Degenerative Spondylolisthesis: A Case Study” by Kevin Meade, PhD, Patrick Flanagan, CO, and Jose Miguel Gomez, MD, CO.


Please allow 2–4 weeks for processing.

  1. True or False? Degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) is a mechanical micro instability created by degenerative changes in a vertebral segment that results in the slippage of one vertebral body over the one caudal to it.
  2. [Select the correct response.] ________________________ frequently create(s) symptoms of degenerative spondylolisthesis.
    1. Crushed vertebrae in the spine
    2. Osteoarthritic changes in the spine
    3. Scoliosis in the spine
  3. [Select the correct response.] For most cases of degenerative spondylolisthesis, is often the recommended avenue of treatment.
    1. Aggressive therapy
    2. Invasive surgery
    3. Conservative therapy
  4. True or False ________________________ The goal of surgery for Degenerative Spondylolisthesis is the temporary assuagement of the mechanical pressure on the lumbar spinal nerves and a restructuring of the spinal segment with the Spondylolisthesis.
  5. True or False ________________________ Clinically, the patient was diagnosed with degenerative disc disease in the lumbar spine and degenerative spondylolisthesis of L5 on S1, and there was no initial evidence of Spondylolysis.
  6. [Select the correct response.] Concerning the posterior aspect of the mold, what was done to maximize the posterior tilt of the patient's sacrum?
    1. the patient's legs were positioned over the edge of the table
    2. the patient was placed in a supine position
    3. the patient was fitted in a plaster cast while standing in a vertical position
  7. [Select the correct response.] The patient was seen again for follow-up months after the initial visit.
    1. 3
    2. 4
    3. 5
    4. 6
  8. True or False? ________________________ The patient reported immediate pain relief when originally donning the new orthosis.
  9. True or False? ________________________ According to much literature that has been published, it is claimed that orthoses have abundant scientific evidence for efficacy and probably have a specific place in the treatment of lumbar spinal disorders.
  10. [Select the correct response.] The authors of the article feel ultimately that the most important role of the orthosis is to:
    1. entirely alleviate pain
    2. temporarily cover up the pain
    3. reduce pain

Complete the JPO Self-Assessment Examination on the previous page and score a minimum of 75 percent to earn two PCE credits. Send the completed examination and payment in U.S. currency ($20/AAOP members, $50 nonmembers) to: AAOP, Dept. 937, Alexandria, VA 22334-0937. The examination must be received by the AAOP within 3 years of the publication date for credit to be awarded.

Name ________________________ E-mail: ________________________

Credentials ________________________ Certification # ________________________



City/State/Zip ________________________ Phone ________________________

© 2006 American Academy of Orthotists & Prosthetists