A 110-item survey was sent to lowerlimb amputees to examine their self-perception and psychosocial well-being. The subjects (N = 90) were male unilateral, traumatic, lower-limb amputees.
The author used an amputee body-image scale (ABIS) to measure each amputee's perception of his body image. Data obtained from the ABIS were used to determine correlations with the other assessment scales.
Findings indicated significatif positive correlations between body image and self-esteem, anxiety and depression. This suggested an amputee's evaluation of his or her body image can influence these variables in either a positive or negative manner. A significant correlation also was found between body image and life satisfaction, indicating the more negative an amputee feels about his or her body image, the less satisfied he or she is with his or her life.
Results of this study support the hypothesis that a relationship exists in lower-limb amputees between their perception of their body image and their psychosocial well-being. In fact, the significant correlations tend to support other studies in which physical disability was found to increase a person's tendency toward anxiety, depression, low self-esteem and less satisfaction with life.
© 1997 American Academy of Orthotists & Prosthetists