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Makaran ohn E. MESc P.Eng.; Dittmer, Douglas K. MD, FRCPC; Buchal, Ralph O. PhD; MacArthur, Dawn E. CO(c)
JPO Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics: July 1993
Original Article: PDF Only


The SMART® Wrist-Hand Orthosis (WHO) is a new method of providing grasping function for quadriplegic patients. The use of shape memory alloy (SMA) actuators in rehabilitation technology (SMART) allows for a new type of actuator in addition to traditional actuators such as Bowden cables, pneumatic cylinders, electric motors and linear ratchets. It provides excellent function and ease of use.

© 1993 American Academy of Orthotists & Prosthetists