Original articleOutcome of bracing vs. surgical treatment in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis based on device measured daily physical activity: a prospective pilot studyChopra, Swatia,b; Larson, A. Noellea; Milbrandt, Todd A.a; Kaufman, Kenton R.a Author Information aMayo Clinic, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rochester, Minnesota, USA bDepartment of Orthopedic Surgery, Golden Jubilee National Hospital, Clydebank, Scotland Received 4 November 2021 Accepted 21 August 2022 Correspondence to Kenton R. Kaufman, PhD, PE, Mayo Clinic, DAHLC 4-214, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA, Tel: +1 507 284 2262; e-mail: [email protected] Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B ():10.1097/BPB.0000000000001016, November 14, 2022. | DOI: 10.1097/BPB.0000000000001016 Buy PAP Metrics Abstract Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) can be treated with bracing or surgery, which may affect patient’s physical activity (PA). However, there are limited objective assessments of PA in patients with AIS. This study aims to compare the outcome of spinal bracing vs. surgery in patients with AIS based on a device that measured daily PA. In total 24 patients with AIS participated, including 12 patients treated with bracing and 12 with spinal surgery. Daily PA was measured throughout 4 consecutive days using four tri-axial accelerometers and patient-reported functional status was reported using the SRS-22 questionnaire. The participants were assessed both before the treatment and after treatment at a 12-month follow-up. Patients with AIS had no significant change in their PA levels at the 12-month follow-up after surgical correction. On the contrary, patients with AIS following a year-long bracing treatment had significantly reduced time spent active (P = 0.04) with an average reduction in walking steps by 2137 steps/day (P = 0.005). There was no significant difference in function, pain, self-image and mental health domains following both treatments, as reported by the SRS-22. There was a significant improvement in satisfaction for both treatment groups (P ≤ 0.02). Significantly reduced PA and increased sedentary time are reported in patients with AIS following bracing treatment. An objective PA assessment is recommended to track the effect of scoliosis treatment on PA. Patients with AIS should be actively encouraged to achieve and maintain their recommended daily PA levels irrespective of the type of treatment. Level of evidence: Level II. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.