Nonvascularized fibular harvest in children: impact on donor limbs : Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B

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Nonvascularized fibular harvest in children: impact on donor limbs

Agarwal, Anil

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Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B 32(2):p 197-205, March 2023. | DOI: 10.1097/BPB.0000000000000977


Nonvascularized fibular graft is commonly used in children. We investigated periosteal intactness, proportion of harvested fibula and the distal remnant for their association to regeneration and development of ankle valgus in 25 donor limbs (n = 18 patients). The fibulae were harvested from healthy legs with all possible care to preserve periosteum. Intraoperatively, periosteal breach and length of graft obtained were recorded. Follow-up radiographs at 6 months documented lateral distal tibial angle, fibular station, and longitudinal continuous regeneration of fibula in the donor limb. Limbs with and without regeneration/ankle valgus were matched for proportion of harvested length and distal remnant, respectively. Odds ratios for periosteum breach versus nonregeneration and nonregeneration versus ankle valgus were additionally calculated. The average harvest length and distal remnant were 15.1 and 4.5 cm, respectively. The periosteum intactness was maintained in 18 (72%) limbs. At 6 months follow-up, regeneration of fibula was present in 15 (60%) limbs. The postharvest-acquired ankle valgus was present in five limbs (24%). There was almost 2.5 times increased likelihood of nonregeneration, if periosteum was breached. The odds ratio for nonregeneration versus regeneration to the development of ankle valgus stood at 12 (P = 0.0483). Periosteal breach increased the odds of nonregeneration of harvested fibula. The length of harvested segment did not appear to have significant influence on regeneration nor did distal segment on ankle valgus. The nonregeneration of fibula, however, made the limb prone to ankle valgus.

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