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Hoverboard injuries in children and adolescents

results of a multicenter study

Hosseinzadeh, Pooyaa; Devries, Clarabellea; Saldana, Roger E.b; Scherl, Susan A.c; Andras, Lindsay M.d; Schur, Mathewd; Shuler, Franklin D.f; Mignemi, Megang; Minaie, Aryaa; Chu, Aliceh; Fornari, Eric D.i; Frick, Steven L.e; Caird, Michelle S.j; Riccio, Anthony I.k; Pierz, Kristenl; Plakas, Christosm; Herman, Martin J.n

Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B: November 2019 - Volume 28 - Issue 6 - p 555–558
doi: 10.1097/BPB.0000000000000653

With the increasing popularity of hoverboards in recent years, multiple centers have noted associated orthopaedic injuries of riders. We report the results of a multi-center study regarding hoverboard injuries in children and adolescents. who presented with extremity fractures while riding hoverboards to 12 paediatric orthopaedic centers during a 2-month period were included in the study. Circumstances of the injury, location, severity, associated injuries, and the required treatment were recorded and analysed using descriptive analysis to report the most common injuries. Between-group differences in injury location were examined using chi-squared statistics among (1) children versus adolescents and (2) males versus females. Seventy-eight patients (M/F ratio: 1.8) with average age of 11 ± 2.4 years were included in the study. Of the 78 documented injuries, upper extremity fractures were the most common (84.6%) and the most frequent fracture location overall was at the distal radius and ulna (52.6%), while ankle fractures comprised most of the lower extremity fractures (66.6%). Majority of the distal radius fractures (58.3%) and ankle fractures (62.5%) were treated with immobilization only. Seventeen displaced distal radius fractures and three displaced ankle fractures were treated with closed reduction in the majority of cases (94.1% versus 66.7%, respectively). The distal radius and ulna are the most common fracture location. Use of appropriate protective gear such as wrist guards, as well as adult supervision, may help mitigate the injuries associated with the use of this device; however, further studies are necessary to demonstrate the real effectiveness of these preventions.

aDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Louis Children’s Hospital, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri

bBaptist Children’s Hospital, Miami, Florida

cUniversity of Nebraska, Omaha, Nebraska

dChildren’s Hospital of Los Angeles, Los Angeles

eDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California

fMarshall University Orthopaedic Surgery, Huntington, West Virginia

gDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee

hNYU Department of Orthopedic Surgery, New York

iAlbert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York

jDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan

kTexas Scottish Rite Hospital, Dallas, Texas

lConnecticut Children’s Hospital, Hartford, Connecticut

mMonmouth Medical Center, Long Beach, New Jersey

nSt. Christopher Children’s Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Correspondence to Pooya Hosseinzadeh, MD, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Louis Children’s Hospital, Washington University, 1 Children’s Place, Suite 4S60, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA Tel: +1 314 607 2409; fax: +1 314 454 4562; e-mail:

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