TRAUMA LOWER LIMB - HIP & FEMURComparison between external fixation and elastic stable intramedullary nailing for the treatment of femoral shaft fractures in children younger than 8 years of ageAndreacchio, Antonioa; Marengo, Lorenzaa; Canavese, Federicob; Pedretti, Leopoldoc; Memeo, AntoniocAuthor Information aDepartment of Pediatric Orthopedics, Regina Margherita Children’s Hospital, Torino bDepartment of Pediatric Orthopedics, Istituto Ortopedico G. Pini, Milan, Italy cDepartment of Pediatric Surgey, University Hospital Estaing, Clermont Ferrand, France Correspondence to Leopoldo Pedretti, MD, viale Gorizia 6, 20100 Milano, Italy Tel: +39 028360546; e-mail: [email protected] Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B: September 2016 - Volume 25 - Issue 5 - p 471-477 doi: 10.1097/BPB.0000000000000342 Buy Metrics Abstract The main objective of this study was to compare external fixation (EF) with elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) for the treatment of femoral shaft fractures in children aged 8 or younger. Fifteen children with femoral shaft fractures treated by EF and 23 children with femoral shaft fractures treated by ESIN were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were pain free at the last follow-up, with good ranges of motion in the hip and knee. Partial and full weight bearing occurred sooner in patients treated with EF than with ESIN, although more polytrauma patients were present in the ESIN group. In conclusion, EF and ESIN can be considered as safe and effective methods for femoral shaft fracture treatment in children younger than 8 years of age. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.