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Range of motion of the healthy pediatric elbow: cross-sectional study of a large population

Barad, Justin H.b; Kim, Rachel S.a; Ebramzadeh, Edwardb,c; Silva, Mauricioa,b

Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B: March 2013 - Volume 22 - Issue 2 - p 117–122
doi: 10.1097/BPB.0b013e32835c2be9
Upper Limb

To evaluate normative data on elbow range of motion (ROM) in the pediatric population. The passive ROM of 1361 healthy pediatric elbows was measured using a small goniometer calibrated in 1° increments, and recorded. The mean amount of flexion, extension, and arc of motion was 142°, −11°, and 153°, respectively. Our data indicated no meaningful correlation between patient sex, age, or weight and the amount of flexion, extension, or the total arc of motion. It appears that elbow ROM in this population is not affected by sex, age, or weight. Normative data are critical when setting the goals of a particular therapeutic approach.

aLos Angeles Orthopaedic Hospital

bUCLA/Orthopaedic Hospital Department of Orthopaedics, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California

cThe J. Vernon Luck Sr. Research Center at Orthopaedic Hospital, Los Angeles, California, USA

Correspondence to Mauricio Silva, MD, Los Angeles Orthopaedic Hospital, 2400 S. Flower Street, Los Angeles, California 90007, USA Tel: +1 213 742 6537; fax: +1 213 741 8388; e-mail:

© 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.