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Complications of Albizzia femoral lengthening nail: an analysis of 36 cases

Mazeau, Philippe; Assi, Chahine; Louahem, Djamel; L’Kaissi, Mohamed; Delpont, Marion; Cottalorda, Jérôme

Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B: September 2012 - Volume 21 - Issue 5 - p 394–399
doi: 10.1097/BPB.0b013e328354b029
Pelvis, Hip and Femur

Thirty-six cases of femoral lengthening using the Albizzia nail were performed. The indication for lengthening was a congenital malformation, sequellae of trauma, of infection, of radiation therapy, short stature, and vascular malformation. The mean age of the patients was 16 years, the average lengthening achieved was 4.7 cm, and the follow-up period averaged 5.8 years. We found that bone consolidation was achieved faster than with external fixation. The patient’s comfort during lengthening as well as the speed of functional restoration also improved. In three cases, the program failed, in six the lengthening was achieved with a second procedure, and eight patients required one ratcheting or more under general anesthesia. In our experience, the Albizzia nail is a simple and effective solution for uncomplicated femoral lengthening.

Department of Orthopaedics Pediatric, Lapeyronie Hospital, Montpellier, France

Correspondence to Jérôme Cottalorda, MD, PhD, Department of Orthopaedics Pediatric, Lapeyronie Hospital, 34295 Montpellier Cedex 5, France Tel: +33 467 338 761; fax: +33 467 330 500; e-mail:

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.