HIPTriple pelvic osteotomy in Legg–Calve–Perthes disease using a single anterolateral incision: a 4-year reviewConroy, Eimear; Sheehan, Eoin; O' Connor, Phillip; Connolly, Paul; McCormack, DamianAuthor Information Children's University Hospital, Temple Street, Dublin, Ireland Correspondence to Eimear Conroy, MB, BCh, BAO, Department of Paediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Children's University Hospital, Temple Street, Dublin 1, Ireland Tel: +353 1 8784200; fax: +353 57 86; e-mail: [email protected] Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B: July 2010 - Volume 19 - Issue 4 - p 323-326 doi: 10.1097/BPB.0b013e32833822a4 Buy Metrics Abstract Femoral head incongruency at skeletal maturity is associated with the development of osteoarthritis in early adulthood. Containment of the femoral head provides a larger surface area for remodelling of the collapsed femoral head and the development of spherical congruency. Triple pelvic osteotomy has a role to play in Legg–Calve–Perthes' disease by improving femoral head containment and preventing subluxation. This is traditionally a two-incision approach with significant associated morbidity. In our unit we perform triple osteotomies through a single anterolateral incision. To retrospectively review the clinical and radiographic outcome of children who had triple osteotomies performed through a single incision over a 4-year period. In our unit from 2003 to 2006 we performed eight triple osteotomies through a single incision in children aged between 6 and 12 years with Legg–Calve–Perthes' disease. The procedure was performed through a single anterolateral incision made beneath the middle of the iliac crest and carried forward according to Salter's osteotomy. Image intensification was used to confirm iliac, pubic and ischial cuts. After performing a standard Salter's osteotomy the acetabular fragment was free to rotate anteriorly and laterally. None of the children were casted and all were allowed immediate mobilization nonweight bearing with crutches for 6 weeks. Clinical results and hip function were measured preoperatively and postoperatively using the modified Harris hip score. The average length of hospital stay was 4.7 days. None of the children had a nonunion. The centre edge angle of Wiberg was measured on all preoperative and postoperative anteroposterior pelvic radiographs. In all our patients there was an improvement in the centre edge angle of Wiberg and in the modified Harris hip score. The preoperative modified Harris hip scores ranged from 38 to 60 and postoperatively ranged from 77 to 92. The preoperative centre edge angle of Wiberg ranged from 9 to 24 whereas postoperative scores ranged from 25 to 46. Triple osteotomy has been advocated in Legg–Calve–Perthes' disease after the closure of the triradiate cartilage. Using a single incision is a safer alternative to the traditional two-incision approach. We believe that the single incision approach reduces operative time and potential morbidity associated with the steel triple osteotomy with comparable clinical and radiographic outcomes. © 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.