This review article describes the evaluation, treatment options, and expected outcomes for many of the common deformities of the lower extremities in patients with cerebral palsy. The evaluation tools including gait analysis will be applied to each specific deformity. Dynamic components are addressed with spasticity management and appropriate muscle and tendon procedures. The static components are treated with bony procedures, including various osteotomies and arthrodesis, incorporating biomechanical principles.
Shriners Hospitals for Children, Portland, Oregon, USA
Sponsorship: Page charges supported by a grant from the St. Giles Foundation received by M.D.S. as the Arthur H. Huene award from the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America.
Correspondence and requests for reprints to Michael D. Sussman, MD, Shriners Hospitals for Children, 3101 SW, Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA.