Information for Authors
Ethical and Legal Considerations
Manuscript Review Process
The purpose of The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing (JPNN) is to provide nurses caring for perinatal and neonatal patients and their families with evidence-based information that is cutting-edge and relevant to clinical practice. We publish manuscripts that have strong clinical implications for perinatal and neonatal practice. These manuscripts are focused around a central theme for each issue, with one issue a year dedicated to various selected topics. The topics of the issues are determined by the editorial board members based on their collective assessment of the most important issues relevant to practice. These topics are posted on the JPNN website, and can be found
We welcome authors to submit clinically focused, academically sound articles that (1) add new knowledge to the field of perinatal/neonatal nursing, (2) challenge and/or confirm existing knowledge or (3) provide information that ensures practice is evidence-based and uniformly excellent across the perinatal and neonatal care spectrum. Papers achieving these goals may be original research, systematic or scoping reviews, state of the science or practice reports, or quality improvement reports. All manuscripts are peer-reviewed. Acceptance or rejection of manuscripts is based on the peer-review process and how well matched the manuscript is with the scope of the journal as assessed by the editor.
Query letters including an outline of the proposed manuscript are encouraged and should be e-mailed directly to the appropriate editors. To ensure transparency in research reports where randomization of subjects was involved, authors must include a CONSORT diagram. Review manuscripts should follow established guidelines for systematic reviews and evidence-based interventions, such as the Cochrane Handbook of Systematic Reviews for Interventions. For Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, the PRISMA statement (www.prisma-statement.org) is recommended for appropriate formatting and flow diagrams. For Scoping Reviews use of PRISMA guidelines is encouraged. Reports of quality improvement work should follow the Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence (SQUIRE) guidelines, which are outlined here:
http://www.squire-statement.org. It is expected that the Corresponding author will respond to all editorial questions and inquiries in a timely manner at the time the page proofs are forthcoming from the publisher so as to not delay publication of the issue.
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Ethical and Legal Considerations
A submitted manuscript must be an original contribution not previously published (except as an abstract or a preliminary report), must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere, and, if accepted, must not be published elsewhere in similar form, in any language, without the consent of the publisher. Each person listed as an author is expected to have participated in the study and/or manuscript process to a significant extent. Please follow the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship criteria, which can be reviewed here: http://www.icmje.org. Although the editors and referees make every effort to ensure the validity of published manuscripts, the final responsibility rests with the authors, not with the Journal, its editors, or the publisher. JPNN is a member of the Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE):
Conflicts of Interest
Authors must state all possible conflicts of interest in the manuscript, including financial, consultant, institutional and other and other relationships that might lead to bias or a conflict of interest. If there is no conflict of interest, this should also be explicitly stated as none declared. All sources of funding should be acknowledged in the manuscript. All relevant conflicts of interest and sources of funding should be included on the title page of the manuscript with the heading “Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding:” For example:
Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: Author 123 has received honoraria from Company XYZ/ . Author B is currently supported by a grant (#12345) from Organization XYZ, and is on the speaker’s bureau for Organization ABC. The remaining authors have no conflicts to declare at this time.
Patient Anonymity and Informed Consent
It is the author's responsibility to ensure that a patient's anonymity be carefully protected and to verify that any experimental investigation with human subjects reported in the manuscript was performed with informed consent and following all the guidelines for experimental investigation with human subjects required by the institution(s) with which all the authors are affiliated. Authors should mask patients' eyes and remove patients' names from figures unless they obtain written consent from the patients and submit written consent with the manuscript.
Each author must complete and submit the journal's copyright transfer agreement, which includes a section on the disclosure of potential conflicts of interest based on the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals" (www.icmje.org/update.html).
A copy of the form is made available to the submitting author within the Editorial Manager submission process. Co-authors will automatically receive an email with instructions on completing the form upon submission.
Authors of accepted peer-reviewed articles have the choice to pay a fee to allow perpetual unrestricted online access to their published article to readers globally, immediately upon publication. Authors may take advantage of the open access option at the point of acceptance to ensure that this choice has no influence on the peer review and acceptance process. These articles are subject to the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.
The article processing charge (APC) is charged on acceptance of the article and should be paid within 30 days by the author, funding agency or institution. Payment must be processed for the article to be published open access. For a list of journals and pricing please visit our Wolters Kluwer Open Health Journals page.
Authors retain copyright
Authors retain their copyright for all articles they opt to publish open access. Authors grant Wolters Kluwer an exclusive license to publish the article and the article is made available under the terms of a Creative Commons user license. Please visit our Open Access Publication Process page for more information.
Creative Commons license
Open access articles are freely available to read, download and share from the time of publication under the terms of the Creative Commons License Attribution-NonCommerical No Derivative (CC BY-NC-ND) license. This license does not permit reuse for any commercial purposes nor does it cover the reuse or modification of individual elements of the work (such as figures, tables, etc.) in the creation of derivative works without specific permission.
Compliance with funder mandated open access policies
An author whose work is funded by an organization that mandates the use of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license is able to meet that requirement through the available open access license for approved funders. Information about the approved funders can be found here: http://www.wkopenhealth.com/inst-fund.php
FAQ for open access
Authors must submit written permission from the copyright owner (usually the publisher/author) to use material being borrowed or adapted from other sources, including previously published material of your own, along with complete details about the source. Any permissions fees that might be required by the copyright owner are the responsibility of the authors requesting use of the borrowed material, not the responsibility of Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. You can download our file to use for this purpose, or use the letter of permission you obtain from the publisher. You can submit this form by scanning the signed permission and saving as a PDF file; then attach the file to your submission as a submission item.
Authors must obtain written permission for the following material. Please refer to the American Medical Association Manual of Style (10 Edition, Copyright 2007, AMA.) for more details.
- All direct quotes from any full-length book
- All direct quotes from a periodical article
- All excerpts from a newspaper article or other short piece
- Any borrowed table, figure, or illustration being reproduced exactly or adapted to fit the needs of the subject.
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Manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.
Each manuscript must include the following, each on its own page:
Title page including
(1) title of the article
(2) author names (with highest academic degrees) and affiliations (including titles, departments, and name and location of institutions of primary employment)
(3) corresponding author’s name and complete address including email, and
(4) any acknowledgments credits, or disclaimers.
The title page must also include disclosure of funding received for this work from any of the following organizations: National Institutes of Health (NIH); Wellcome Trust; Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI); and other(s). See the “Conflicts of Interest” section above for more information.
Abstract of 200 words or fewer describing the main points of the article. Limit the use of abbreviations and acronyms, and avoid general statements (e.g. the significance of the results is discussed, etc.)If it is a research article, prepare a structured abstract describing
(1) what was observed or investigated,
(2) the subjects and methods, and
(3) the results and conclusions.
Key Words 3-5 key words that describe the contents of the article like those that appear in the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) or the National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Headings (MeSH).
Abbreviations Write out the full term for each abbreviation at its first use unless it is a standard unit of measure. Avoid error prone abbreviations as identified by the Institute for Safe Medicine Practices, a complete list is available at: http://www.ismp.org/Tools/errorproneabbreviations.pdf
Precis – A synopsis of the manuscript of 25 words or fewer.
Clear indication of the placement of all tables and figures in text.
Signed and completed copyright transfer and disclosure agreement for each contributor.
Written permission, including complete source, for any borrowed text, tables, or figures.
All forms are available at: http://jpnn.edmgr.com
The manuscript will be submitted as a separate file when you are instructed to attach files to your submission. Compose your manuscript using your computer and Microsoft Word software, then attach this file when you reach the "attach files" step in the submission process.
Please note the following guidelines for preparing your manuscript:
- Prepare the manuscript double spaced in Microsoft Word. Leave a one-inch margin on all sides. Do not right justify.
- Type all headings on a separate line.
- Number all manuscript pages consecutively in the upper right-hand corner (text and references, followed by illustrations on separate pages).
- All legends for Tables and Figures are to be included with the manuscript; include these at the end of manuscript after the list of references. Tables and Figures are attached as separate files when you reach "attach files" in the submission process. Prepare tables and figures in a format ready for reproduction. Further instructions for preparing figures are given below.
- Manuscript length (excluding all references, tables, figures) should be no more than 16 pages (standard 8.5 x 11 inch page size).
- Use the American Medical Association Manual of Style, 10 Edition, Copyright 2007 for citations and references. See examples for citations and references below.
- No identifying information (authors' names) should be included on the manuscript. If you cite your own works, list them as "Author, YYYY" in the citation and the reference list in order to maintain your anonymity for the review process.
- Every manuscript should contain a 'Discussion' section.
The authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references. Include the references (double-spaced) at the end of the manuscript. Cite the references in text in the order of appearance. Cite unpublished data—such as papers submitted but not yet accepted for publication and personal communications, including e-mail communications—in parentheses in the text.
The citations and reference list is to be styled according to the American Medical Association Manual of Style, 10 Edition, Copyright 2007, AMA. Examples of citations within the text and reference list style are as follows:
Journals: Author. Article title. Journal. Year; volume: inclusive pages.
Leidecker, K, Dorman, K. Pulmonary disorders complicating pregnancy: An overview.
J Perinat Neonat Nurs. 2016; 30(1): 45-5318:41—58.
Books: Author. Book Title. Place of publication: Publisher: year.
Sumner J Yaffe MD,Jacob V Aranda MD, PhD, FRCP(C),
Neonatal and Pediatric Pharmacology, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 4th ed. 2010
Simpson KR, Creehan PA. Strategies to develop an evidence-based approach to prenatal care and pregnancy and childbirth practices of selected cultures and religions. AWHONN's Perinatal Nursing. 4th ed. 2013.
For multiple authors in journals and books:
- If six or fewer, list all authors
- If more than six, list the first three followed by et al.
A) Creating Digital Artwork
B) Digital Artwork Guideline Checklist
- Learn about the publication requirements for Digital Artwork: http://links.lww.com/ES/A42
- Create, Scan and Save your artwork and compare your final figure to the Digital Artwork Guideline Checklist (below).
- Upload each figure to Editorial Manager in conjunction with your manuscript text and tables.
Here are the basics to have in place before submitting your digital artwork:
- Artwork should be saved as TIFF, EPS, or MS Office (DOC, PPT, XLS) files. High resolution PDF files are also acceptable.
- Crop out any white or black space surrounding the image.
- Diagrams, drawings, graphs, and other line art must be vector or saved at a resolution of at least 1200 dpi. If created in an MS Office program, send the native (DOC, PPT, XLS) file.
- Photographs, radiographs and other halftone images must be saved at a resolution of at least 300 dpi.
- Photographs and radiographs with text must be saved as postscript or at a resolution of at least 600 dpi.
- Each figure must be saved and submitted as a separate file. Figures should not be embedded in the manuscript text file.
- Cite figures consecutively in your manuscript.
- Number figures in the figure legend in the order in which they are discussed.
- Upload figures consecutively to the Editorial Manager web site and enter figure numbers consecutively in the Description field when uploading the files.
If a figure has been previously published, in part or in total, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce or adapt the material. Include a source line. Type “Source: Author” on figures that you created. This will help Lippincott Williams & Wilkins identify the status of each figure.
Supply a caption for each figure, typed double spaced on a separate sheet from the artwork. Captions should include the figure title, explanatory statements, notes, or keys; and source and permission lines.
Tables will be submitted as a separate file when you are instructed to attach files to your submission. Create tables using the table creating and editing feature of your word processing software. Do not use Excel or comparable spreadsheet programs. Group all tables in a separate file. Cite tables consecutively in the text, and number them in that order. Each table should appear on a separate page and should include the table title, appropriate column heads, and explanatory legends (including definitions of any abbreviations used). Do not embed tables within the body of the manuscript. They should be self-explanatory and should supplement, rather than duplicate, the material in the text.
Tables should be on a separate page at the end of the manuscript.
Number tables consecutively and supply a brief title for each.
Include explanatory footnotes for all nonstandard abbreviations. For footnotes, use the following symbols, in this sequence: *, †, ‡, §, ||,**, ††, etc.
Cite each table in the text in consecutive order.
If you use data from another published or unpublished source, obtain permission and acknowledge fully. Type “Source: Author” on tables that you created.
Supplemental Digital Content
Supplemental Digital Content (SDC): Authors may submit SDC via Editorial Manager to LWW journals that enhance their article’s text to be considered for online posting. SDC may include standard media such as text documents, graphs, audio, video, etc. On the Attach Files page of the submission process, please select Supplemental Audio, Video, or Data for your uploaded file as the Submission Item. If an article with SDC is accepted, our production staff will create a URL with the SDC file. The URL will be placed in the call-out within the article. SDC files are not copy-edited by LWW staff, they will be presented digitally as submitted. For a list of all available file types and detailed instructions, please visit http://links.lww.com/A142.
Supplemental Digital Content must be cited consecutively in the text of the submitted manuscript. Citations should include the type of material submitted (Audio, Figure, Table, etc.), be clearly labeled as “Supplemental Digital Content,” include the sequential list number, and provide a description of the supplemental content. All descriptive text should be included in the call-out as it will not appear elsewhere in the article.
We performed many tests on the degrees of flexibility in the elbow (see Video, Supplemental Digital Content 1, which demonstrates elbow flexibility) and found our results inconclusive.
List of Supplemental Digital Content
A listing of Supplemental Digital Content must be submitted at the end of the manuscript file. Include the SDC number and file type of the Supplemental Digital Content. This text will be removed by our production staff and not be published.
Supplemental Digital Content 1.wmv
SDC File Requirements
All acceptable file types are permissible up to 10 MBs. For audio or video files greater than 10 MBs, authors should first query the journal office for approval. For a list of all available file types and detailed instructions, please visit http://links.lww.com/A142.
All manuscripts must be submitted on-line through the JPNN Editorial Manager Web site at http://jpnn.edmgr.com/.
First-time users: Click the Register button from the menu above and enter the requested information. On successful registration, you will be sent an E - mail indicating your user name and password. Print a copy of this information for future reference.
Return users: If you have received an E - mail from us with an assigned user ID and password, or if you are a repeat user, do not register again. Just log in. Once you have an assigned ID and password, you do not have to re-register, even if your status changes (that is, author, reviewer, or editor).
Authors: Please click the log-in button from the menu at the top of the page and log in to the system as an Author. Submit your manuscript according to the author instructions. You will be able to track the progress of your manuscript through the system. If you have any inquiries regarding perinatal content, please contact Diane J. Angelini, EdD, CNM, NEA-BC, FACNM, FAAN, Senior Perinatal Editor at firstname.lastname@example.org. For neonatal content, please contact Katherine Gregory, PhD, RN, Neonatal Editor at email@example.com . Requests for help and other questions will be addressed in the order they are received.
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Authors are responsible for obtaining signed letters from copyright holders granting permission to reprint material being borrowed or adapted from other sources, including previously published material of your own or from Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Authors are responsible for any permission fees to reprint borrowed material. This includes forms, checklists, cartoons, text, tables, figures, exhibits, glossaries, and pamphlets; concepts, theories, or formulas used exclusively in a chapter or section; direct quotes from a book or journal that are over 30% of a printed page; and all excerpts from newspapers or other short articles. Without written permission from the copyright holder, these items may not be used.
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Manuscript Review Process
It is understood that articles are submitted solely to JPNN and have not been published previously. There are two stages of manuscript review prior to acceptance of the article.
First, the respective editor reviews manuscripts for relevance to the journal. Manuscripts that are considered appropriate and relevant by the editor are reviewed by at least two members and often three members of the Editorial Board. Members of the Board evaluate manuscripts based on the following criteria:
- concise, logical ordering of ideas;
- sound argument and defense of original ideas;
- accuracy of content;
- adequacy of documentation;
- consistency with the purpose of the journal.
Second, the Editor makes a decision regarding acceptance of the article for publication based on the comments and recommendations of the Editorial Board reviewers. At least two reviewers must recommend the article for publication for the article to be accepted by the Editor. A rejection by one reviewer may eliminate that manuscript from further review.
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Page Proofs and Corrections
Corresponding authors will receive electronic page proofs to check the copyedited and typeset article before publication. Portable document format (PDF) files of the typeset pages and support documents (e.g., reprint order form) will be sent to the corresponding author by E - mail. Complete instructions will be provided with the E - mail for downloading and printing the files and for faxing the corrected page proofs to the publisher. Those authors without an E - mail address will receive traditional page proofs. It is the author's responsibility to ensure that there are no errors in the proofs. Changes that have been made to conform to journal style will stand if they do not alter the authors' meaning. Only the most critical changes to the accuracy of the content will be made. Changes that are stylistic or are a reworking of previously accepted material will be disallowed. The publisher reserves the right to deny any changes that do not affect the accuracy of the content. Authors may be charged for alterations to the proofs beyond those required to correct errors or to answer queries. Proofs must be checked carefully and corrections faxed within 24 to 48 hours of receipt, as requested in the cover letter accompanying the page proofs.
Consider preparing a video abstract to accompany your article if it is accepted for publication. A video abstract can draw attention to your article, and enhance the range of audience that it reaches. For more information, see the “Journal Toolkit: How to Create a Video Abstract” (http://edmgr.ovid.com/ans/accounts/Journal_Toolkit_Video_Abstract.pdf)
Social Media and Press Release Instructions
The journal encourages all authors to publicize their work once the article has published ahead of print online. Whether with a press release, blog post, or social media blast, we support your desire to drive awareness and interest to your research.
If you intend to promote your article, please review the Wolters Kluwer guidelines before doing so:
http://edmgr.ovid.com/anc/accounts/Press_Release_Guidelines_final(1).pdf. This document will help you tailor your communication strategies as well as informing you of helpful regulations, such as embargo dates.
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