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Zika and Flint Water Public Health Emergencies

Disaster Training Tool Kits Relevant to Pregnant Women and Children

Lavin, Roberta P. PhD, FNP-BC, FAAN; Veenema, Tener G. PhD, MPH, MS, RN, FAAN; Langan, Joanne C. PhD, RN, CND; Charney, Rachel L. MD; Zimmerman, Rick S. PhD; Bender, Annah PhD, MSW

The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing: July/September 2019 - Volume 33 - Issue 3 - p 229–237
doi: 10.1097/JPN.0000000000000418
Feature Articles

Pregnant women and children and individuals suffering from chronic illness are disproportionally impacted by public health emergencies. To meet the healthcare needs of these populations, the nursing workforce must be capable of responding in a timely and appropriate manner. The goal of this project was to create interactive and engaging evidence-based educational tool kits to advance healthcare provider readiness in the management of population health in response to the Zika and Flint Water crises. A multipronged, mixed-methods approach was used to identify essential education needs and required core competencies. Data were synthesized from discussion with key informants, review of relevant documents, and surveys of schools of nursing, public health, and medicine. The ADDIE model was used to integrate results into the development of the online learning tool kits using the ThingLink software program. An innovative online educational program to prepare healthcare providers to rapidly identify, mitigate, and manage the impact of the Zika and Flint Water crises upon pregnant women and children was implemented by the Society for the Advancement of Disaster Nursing. Innovative online learning tool kits can advance healthcare provider readiness by increasing knowledge and understanding of key components of specific public health emergencies.

College of Nursing, University of Tennessee–Knoxville (Dr Lavin); Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, Maryland (Dr Veenema); Schools of Nursing (Dr Langan) and Medicine (Dr Charney), Saint Louis University, St Louis, Missouri; LSU Health School of Nursing, New Orleans, Louisiana (Dr Zimmerman); and College of Nursing, University of Missouri–St Louis (Dr Bender).

Corresponding Author: Roberta P. Lavin, PhD, FNP-BC, FAAN, College of Nursing, University of Tennessee–Knoxville, 1200 Volunteer Blvd, 319B, Knoxville, TN 37996 (

This work was partially funded through a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/American Association of Colleges of Nursing Workforce Improvement Projects cooperative agreement no. 2016-N-03.

Disclosure: The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

Each author has indicated that he or she has met the journal's requirements for Authorship.

Submitted for publication: February 5, 2019; accepted for publication: April 15, 2019.

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