Original Article: PDF OnlyPremedication for Nonemergent Neonatal Intubation A Systematic ReviewO'Connor, Terri Lynn DNP, NNP-BC Author Information University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City. Corresponding Author: Terri Lynn O'Connor, DNP, NNP-BC, Department of Pediatrics-Section of Neonatology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 1200 Everett Dr, 7th Fl NP, Oklahoma City, OK 73104 ([email protected]). This article was completed as partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Doctor of Nursing Practice Program at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center College of Nursing. Disclosure: The author has disclosed that she has no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Each author has indicated that he or she has met the journal's requirements for Authorship. Submitted for publication: December 14, 2020; accepted for publication: March 28, 2021. The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing: February 09, 2022 - Volume - Issue - doi: 10.1097/JPN.0000000000000613 Buy PAP Metrics Abstract This systematic review evaluates research regarding the use of premedication for nonemergent neonatal intubation. Unmedicated intubation is associated with adverse outcomes such as physiologic instability and decompensation, repeat and prolonged intubation attempts, and trauma. Included studies compared medicated intervention groups against an unmedicated control. Medications vary greatly across studies and include anesthetics, opioids, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, vagolytics, and neuromuscular blockades (muscle relaxants). A comprehensive search of randomized control trials, retrospective cohort studies, and prospective observational studies was completed from the electronic databases of CINAHL EBSCOhost, Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar, Cochrane Collaboration, and ClinicalTrials.gov and footnotes were used to complete the search. Twelve studies are included in this review dating back to 1984 and are from 5 countries. Outcome measures include changes in heart rate, oxygen saturation, and blood pressure; number and duration of attempts to intubate; and trauma to the oral cavity and upper airway. Twelve studies are included in this review and include 5410 patients. No studies were excluded based on level of evidence or quality appraisal. Findings in this review support the recommendation that opioids and vagolytic agents should be used for premedication for nonemergent neonatal intubation and adjuvant sedation and muscle relaxants should be considered. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.