Department of Family Health Care Nursing and the California Preterm Birth Initiative, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco (Drs Franck and Gay and Ms Kriz); Intensive Care Nursery (Mss Bisgaard and S. Sossaman and Mr J. Sossaman) and Division of Neonatology (Dr Sun), UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital, San Francisco, California; Neonatal and Pediatrics, Community Regional Medical Center, Fresno, California (Dr Cormier); Division of Neonatology, UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital, Oakland, California (Dr Joe); Intensive Care Nursery, Santa Monica Medical Center, UCLA Health, Santa Monica, California (Ms Sasinski); Division of Neonatology, Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio (Dr Kim); and Division of Neonatology, Kaiser Permanente, Santa Clara, California (Dr Lin).
Corresponding Author: Linda S. Franck, PhD, RN, Department of Family Health Care Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, 2 Koret Way, N411F, Box 0606, San Francisco, CA 94143 ([email protected]).
The authors are grateful for the support of the research staff from each site and for the valuable feedback from the UCSF California Preterm Birth Initiative Parent Clinician Advisory Board.
This research was supported by the University of California, San Francisco, California Preterm Birth Initiative, funded by Marc and Lynne Benioff. The study funder has no role in any of the study activities.
Disclosure: The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.
Each author has indicated that he or she has met the journal's requirements for Authorship.
Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citation appears in the printed text and is provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (www.jpnnjournal.com).
Submitted for publication: April 17, 2021; accepted for publication: September 10, 2021.