Feature ArticlesThe State of the Science of Preterm Birth Assessing Contemporary Screening and Preventive StrategiesWade, Eleanor E. BS; Byers, Jennifer G. BSN, RNC-OB, C-EFM; Thagard, Andrew S. MDAuthor Information Uniformed Services University F. Edward Hébert School of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland (Ms Wade); and Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, Portsmouth, Virginia (Ms Byers and Dr Thagard). Corresponding Author: Andrew S. Thagard, MD, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, 620 John Paul Jones Circle, Portsmouth, VA 23708 (firstname.lastname@example.org). E.E.W. and A.S.T. are active duty military service members and J.G.B. is a federal employee. The view expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Navy, Department of the Air Force, Department of Defense, or United States Government.Disclosure: The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.Each author has indicated that he or she has met the journal's requirements for Authorship.Submitted for publication: November 18, 2019; accepted for publication: January 10, 2020. The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing: April/June 2020 - Volume 34 - Issue 2 - p 113-124 doi: 10.1097/JPN.0000000000000470 Buy Take the CE Test Metrics Abstract Preterm birth remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality during the perinatal and neonatal periods. Now affecting approximately 1 in 10 births in the United States, preterm birth often occurs spontaneously and without a clear etiology. Careful assessment of risk factors, however, identifies vulnerable women allowing targeted interventions such as progestogen therapy and cerclage. This article is intended to highlight preterm birth risk factors and current predictive and preventive strategies for midwives, nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, and perinatal nurses. © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.