Historical TrendsTrends in Family-Centered Care in Neonatal Intensive CareMaree, Carin PhD; Downes, Fiona MS (MCur–Neonatal Nursing)Author Information Department of Nursing Science, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa (Dr Maree and Ms Downes); and Nursetech, Midrand, South Africa (Ms Downes). Corresponding Author: Carin Maree, PhD, Department of Nursing Science, University of Pretoria 0028, South Africa (email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org). The article is based on concepts from a study done for partial completion of a master's degree in neonatal nursing by means of course work at the Department of Nursing Science, University of Pretoria. A special word of appreciation for Dr Shahirose Premji for her guidance and support to finalize the article.Disclosure: The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.Submitted for publication: January 15, 2016; accepted for publication: May 21, 2016. The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing: July/September 2016 - Volume 30 - Issue 3 - p 265-269 doi: 10.1097/JPN.0000000000000202 Buy Metrics Abstract Family-centered care in neonatal intensive care changed over the last decades. Initially, parents and infants were separated and parents were even being blamed for cau-sing infections in their infants. The importance, though, of the parents being the constant in the infant's life emerged and with that the importance of early bonding and attachment for the parents to take on their role and responsibi-lities as primary caregivers. Facilitation of family-centered care includes involving the parents in daily care activities, kangaroo care, developmental care, interaction and communication with the infant, as well as involving grandparents and siblings. Implementation of family-centered care requires appropriate policies, facilities and resources, education of all involved, and a positive attitude. © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.