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Transition From Hospital to Home in Preterm Infants and Their Families

Boykova, Marina PhD, RN

The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing: July/September 2016 - Volume 30 - Issue 3 - p 270–272
doi: 10.1097/JPN.0000000000000198
Historical Trends

When the day of discharge from a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) comes for the parents of newborn infants, they are filled with long-awaited joy and happiness. They go home feeling as parents, away from scheduled routines of the hospital, monitor alarms, clinical rounds, numerous tests, and so on. What do we know about what happens after these little patients and their families leave the NICU? What happens from the point of leaving the hospital until when things get settled and life becomes perceived as normal? This article presents a short summary of research conducted with the vulnerable population of high-risk and preterm infants and their families postdischarge. Available evidence suggests that transition to home after hospital discharge, a phenomenon that many families experience, is challenging and requires attention from clinicians and researchers if we are to provide effective, efficient, and high-quality care.

The Council of International Neonatal Nurses (COINN), Yardley, Pennsylvania.

Corresponding Author: Marina Boykova, PhD, RN, The Council of International Neonatal Nurses (COINN), 2110 Yardley Rd, Yardley, PA 19067 (

Disclosure: The author has disclosed that she has no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

Submitted for publication February 18, 2016; accepted for publication May 14, 2016.

Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.