PrematurityFacilitation of Parenting the Premature Infant within the Newborn Intensive Care UnitLawhon, gretchen RN, PhDAuthor Information Director, SAPTA NIDCAP® Center and Pediatric Developmental Program, Toledo Children's Hospital, Toledo, Ohio This research was supported by grants from the National Center of Nursing Research, the Hester McLaws Nursing Scholarship Fund of the University of Washington, and the National Center for Clinical Infant Programs. The author gratefully acknowledges her mentors, Drs Heidelise Als and Kathryn Barnard, and the members of her supervisory committee. Special tribute and appreciation are due the infants and parents who gave so generously in sharing the intimacy of their experience. Submitted for publication: January 19, 2002 Accepted for publication: February 26, 2002 The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing: June 2002 - Volume 16 - Issue 1 - p 71–82 Buy Abstract A challenge facing neonatal health care providers is to combine technological intensive care for preterm infants with a sensitive and individualized approach facilitating neurobehavioral development while supporting parents in their roles as primary advocates and long-term caregivers. This exploratory study evaluated an individualized nursing intervention based on underlying assumptions of both infant and parent competence. The intervention enhanced parents' ability to appraise their infant's behavior critically and respond in a supportive manner. Study findings provide valuable information on the implications of an individualized nursing intervention both for further research and clinical practice. Copyright © 2002 by Aspen Publishers, Inc.