ORIGINAL ARTICLES: PDF OnlyRapid Diagnosis of Neutropenic Enterocolitis (Typhlitis) by UltrasonographyGootenberg, Joseph E. M.D.; Abbondanzo, Susan L. M.D. Author Information From the Departments of Pediatrics (J.E.G.). Pathology (S.L.A.), and the Division of Pediatric Oncology. Vincent T. Lombardi Cancer Research Center (J.E.G.). Georgetown University School of Medicine. Washington, D.C., U.S.A. American Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology: Fall 1987 - Volume 9 - Issue 3 - p 222-227 Buy Abstract Neutropenic enterocolitis (also termed typhlitis) is an acute necrotizing process involving segments of the large and small intestine that occurs in the setting of agranulocytosis, most commonly in patients with acute leukemia. Rapid diagnosis and treatment is necessary for survival. We present a patient in whom abdominal ultrasonography revealed evidence of bowel wall thickening and ascites. confirming the diagnosis of neutropenic enterocolitis. Sonography offers a rapid. safe, and noninvasive means of diagnosis for this condition. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.