To examine the psychosocial outcomes and impact of attention problems in survivors of pediatric brain tumor.
The survivors’ cognitive functioning was measured using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children. The Child Behavior Checklist-Attention Problems scale was used to screen for attention problems, and participants were classified as having attention problems (n=15) or normal attention (n=36). Psychosocial functioning was examined with the Korean Personality Rating scale for Children (K-PRC) at precraniospinal radiation and at 2-year follow-up.
The attention problem group showed significantly higher depression and externalizing symptoms (delinquency, hyperactivity) and more significant impairment in family relationships than did the normal attention group at baseline. At follow-up, the attention problem group demonstrated significantly more delinquency and impaired family and social relationships. With the K-PRC scores, except for the somatization, social relationship subscale, there were significant differences between groups, but not in terms of treatment by time interaction or within time. At follow-up, multiple linear regressions showed that age at diagnosis significantly predicted K-PRC somatization (B=−1.7, P=0.004) and social relationships (B=−1.7, P=0.004), baseline full-scale intelligence quotient predicted K-PRC depression (B=−0.4, P=0.032) and somatization (B=−0.3, P=0.015), and attention problems at baseline predicted K-PRC depression (B=−15.2, P=0.036) and social relationships (B=−11.6, P=0.016).
Pediatric brain tumor survivors, in particular, patients with attention problems, had worse psychosocial functioning at baseline and follow-up. Attention problems at baseline need to be carefully evaluated in assessing psychosocial functioning of pediatric brain tumor survivors.
Departments of *Psychiatry
†Pediatrics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Reprints: Yoo Sook Joung, MD, PhD, Department of Psychiatry, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 81 Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 135-710, Korea (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Received January 9, 2016
Accepted December 5, 2016